-
x

Meet New Friends!

Recommended friends are based on your interests. Make sure they are up to date.

Friends ff8c072dd79a91c1300f032d674241a8d64367100ffb1f25fa3f9bec4a05319f
Kidzworld Logo

All About Floods

Aug 17, 2013

Every year millions of people around the world have their lives affected by floods. Flooding can come from both rivers and the sea and no region is competely safe from flooding. In the last ten years, flooding has cost the US $2.9 billion per year! A flood is simply defined as an overflow of water that submerges land that is normally dry. Depending on the severity of the flood, this can cause a lot of devastation as floods are often the reality of natural disasters like hurricanes or tornadoes. Learn all about the most widespread natural disaster apart from wildfires!

Be prepared for any natural disaster by planning aheadBe prepared for any natural disaster by planning aheadCourtesy of Flickr

What Causes Floods?

Flooding can be caused by a number of things - snow and frozen grounds melting, heavy rainfall, flash floods and mudflows. The most common cause of flooding happens when a river bursts its banks and the water spills onto the floodplain and is often called a flash flood. It can also be caused by heavy rainfall - the faster the rainwater reaches the river channel, the more likely it is to flood. The landscape around the river affects how likely it is to flood. A steep valley, the amount of vegetation and rock-type can all affect how the likelihood of flooding.

It only takes two feet of water to sweep away a carIt only takes two feet of water to sweep away a carCourtesy of Flickr

Flood Facts

  • A car can be swept away in as little as two feet of water.
  • Flash floods can bring walls of water from 10-20 feet high.
  • 90% of all U.S. natural disastersdeclared by the President involve some sort of flooding.
  • The main cause of flooding in the Eastern U.S is due to hurricanes and storms. On the West Coast, it's due to snowmelt and rainstorms.
  • In 1889, a dam break upstream from Johnston, Pennsylvania released a 30-40 foot wall of water that caused 2200 fatalities within minutes. Scary!

A town's flooded streetsA town's flooded streetsCourtesy of Flickr

How to Prepare

It's important to stock up on items for a first aid kit, have plenty of non-perishable food on hand (like canned tuna and chilli), 3 gallons of water per person for 3 days, batteries, a flashlight and a battery-operated radio to listen to weather updates. Prepare an emergency kit with emergency numbers and any essential hygiene items like wipes, medication and warm clothing. If you have a cat, make sure the carrier is somewhere easily accessible. Go to the highest ground of floor possible but if you come into contact with floodwater, make sure to wash your skin with soap and disinfectant as the flood water may be contaminated with sewage. 

Have your say

How much do you know about natural disasters? Share your knowledge in the comments below!

 

57 Comments

Related Stories

Australia has been hit by yet another natural disaster as floods swamped parts of the south east ...
Waves of muddy water came flooding out when a dam burst its banks in the Indonesian capital of Ja...
Micro hurricane micro
Hurricanes are one of the most deadly natural disasters of the world. Learn more about this tropi...
Micro tornado micro
Even if it happened to Dorothy, tornadoes don't suck people up. They can carry people. Find out w...
F1001628892905

Which Story is Made up?

  • Lizard Tongue.
  • Devil with Horns.
  • Most Tattooed Man.
  • None of them.

General In The Forums

XxRuby_PhoenixxX
((Get ready for criticism. The grammar is horrible. The capitalization is horrible. I'm a fan of Aphmau, but this whole fan fiction, if you can even call it that, is horrible.))
reply about 2 hours
cubicfairy
kawaii chan p.o.v ​kawaii chan wondered what was wrong with zane, something happened in some kind of dream, she stood up, walking over to the bed and sitting next to zane, he was laying down again "what happened?" she said whilst stroking his hair, he uncovered his face, tears still slowly going down his cheeks "y- you, you killed me..." kawaii chan kept stroking his hair, frowning "kawaii chan would never try to kill zane kun...." zane looked at kawaii chan, and she wiped his tears "I'm sorry.. for scaring you" kawaii chan frowned "you have nothing to apologise for zane kun..." zane pulled down his mask and put his hand behind kawaii chans head and pushed her forwards a bit, kissing her, she kissed back instantly, starting to smile, they pulled away "I love you kawaii chan..." kawaii chan blushed, and so was zane "kawaii chan loves you too" she said, pulling  zanes mask back up zane p.o.v ( skip to a week after 1, the kiss and 2, getting out of hospital, brought to you by twilight sparkle dancing the whip nae nae and yelling "open Gangnam style" XD) zane was laying on the couch, texting kawaii chan happily, he was actually humming, Garroth came over afew times, seeing if he was alright, all happy and stuff (now to the texting!) z- hey kawaii chan, hows it going? k- great zane kun! hows your head been doing? ​z- pretty okay, Garroth keeps telling me not to leave the house for safety reasons ​k- hee, that's pretty funny ​z- well that's what I get... wanna come over? ​k- sure zane kun! kawaii chan will be there in 20 minutes! ​z- okay kawaii chan, take your time ​*zane leaves chat* *kawaii chan leaves chat* ​zane went to his room to get dressed, going in, he saw Garroth scurrying around... well there goes zanes happiness "Garroth! what are you doing in my room!" Garroth instantly stood up, probably only just noticing zanes presence "oh, baby brother, I was looking for my earphones, have you seen them?" "no! get out!" Garroth put his hands in the air, walking out, something sticking out of garroths pocket caught his eye " Garroth, what is in your pocket?!" Garroth sighed "you got me'' he pulled out a photo out of his pocket, it was a picture of kawaii chan and zane at a restaurant from Tuesday (he got out of hospital Monday, its Friday) zane snatched the photo "when did you start getting it on with kawaii chan?" zane grit his teeth " Garroth!," he lowered his voice "please, don't tell anyone, Aphmau and katelyn already know and I asked them not to tell, so please" Garroth nodded "okay" ​(lets just say he go dressed and there was a knock on the door)
reply about 3 hours
ThatRandomChick719
Section Four (How am I writing this so fast?) "... Ahh... A-ahhh..." Mayu had to stop and breathe. She had a killer stitch. She held her left side and wheezed. "This... This is why I don't run..." Once she regained her breath, Mayu examined her surroundings. Oddly enough, not many people were around. "Where could he have gone...?" She began walking again, and she only made it a few steps before she heard a voice calling out for her. "Suzume!" Surprised, and a bit startled, Mayu turned around to see a fellow classmate of hers. "Ah, Shinohara! What brings you here?" The bubbly girl beamed at Mayu. "Ah, I'm waiting for Naomi. We are supposed to meet in this exact spot, and then we are going shopping! What about you?" "Oh, well... I'm trying to find Shig. See, he got this phone call from Mochida, and apparently Kishinuma got in a really bad fight. I'm worried about both of them--" "Correction, Suzume. You're worried about Morishige." "That's not true! You know I care about both of them!" "Hehe, I know. I'm just messin' with ya. So... That's why you're all sweaty. Were you running?" "Yes! It's awful, Shinohara!" "Well, I luckily have a water bottle with me. You can take it." She smiled and handed the bottle over. "T-thank you!" "No problem! Now... LET'S GO FIND OUR FRIENDS!" "Wait, what...?" Mayu took a giant gulp of water before continuing. "Uh-huh! I'm gonna help you find them! YEAAAAAH!" "Are you sure? It sounds kind of dangerous..." "Ahem." Shinohara tried her best to imitate Mayu's voice. "'Anything for Shig-nii!' Isn't that right? Hmm? I respect that, and want to help! Plus, Kishinuma is involved. A DOUBLE WHAMMY." "...Once again, thank you." "Think nothing of it!" Then, all of a sudden, Shinohara brought her fingers to her mouth and whistled loudly. A taxi shortly came over and stopped. "Thanks, mister! Now... Direct the guy, Suzume!" 
reply about 3 hours
ThatRandomChick719
Section Three "Kishinuma! Unhand me this instant!" Morishige didn't raise his voice, but his tone was like a hiss. He wasn't messing around.  "Because I don't have time for this, either. But Mochida was too frightened to confront you. So he contacted me. And I'm delaying my plans for this. Therefore, both of our lives would be simpler if you release me." The blond-haired teen didn't let go of Morishige, but loosened his grip on him. "Oh, yeah?! Well, you don't even know what happened...!" "So... Take a deep breath and calmly explain the situation." Kishinuma did as he was told, and inhaled. Then exhaled. "Okay... So it was a normal day on the job. I didn't have much to do when it happened..." "What exactly DID happen?" "...Shinozaki stopped by to visit me. It was like... The first time ever. And I was... Well, that doesn't matter. We were just chewing the fat when suddenly... A gang of thugs showed up. They busted the windows and doors. Their leader was a real stick, and he took her. He had duct tape, and he silenced her screams with it. They had rope, too. Tied all of her up to the hood of their pretty little blue truck. And I was mad." "...So you went after them?" "HECK YEAH I DID! Those jerks weren't gonna get away with any bull crap on my watch!" "I see. What happened afterwards?" "What do you think happened, Morishige?" "You initiated combat. I know. I mean the details." "...I gave em all shiners, for one thing. Dang them! They had it comin'!" "Kishinuma... Calm down, alright?" "..." "We'll find her, so don't worry. Now, why don't you lead the way? Take us in the direction they went." "...Fine." With that, the two began running off.
reply about 4 hours
ThatRandomChick719
Section Two Mayu was still waiting around for Morishige to come back. They had plans for that afternoon, and that's why they hadn't left right away. They were supposed to rehearse together, and he thought it would be best if they did it in a setting like that of the scene. "Mayu, why don't we do it in the classroom after school? The scene takes place in a classroom, after all. Doing it this way will allow us to get into character a lot easier, don't you think?" "Yeah, that's a great idea!" "Excellent. We'll start once everyone departs. Good?" "Mhm... Good." Mayu's face became hot when she remembered how... light she felt. It was always strange... Whenever she talked to him, it was like she was lighter than air. Like she was floating. And yet... her heart was heavy enough to bring her back to the Earth when he left. That's how she felt now. "Ms. Yui... Do you think everything will be okay?" "Of course, Suzumoto! Morishige is fine on his own. Isn't he always?" "...Yeah... You're right." She began thinking to herself. "He doesn't need me..." "He never has." "He never will." "But... That's one of the things I like about him." "His independence." "He's a lone wolf. He could be trapped in a haunted setting and make it by on his own." "But I would be the first to die... Because I would need someone with me." "...Shig, in particular." Ms. Yui noticed Mayu and her sad expression.  "Oh, what's wrong? I thought that would be reassuring... I'm sorry." "Ahhhh, no, sensei! It's not your fault at all! I'm just... Um... Worried. That's all." The small girl abruptly stood and gathered her belongings. "I am gonna head out! See you tomorrow, Ms. Yui!" Without waiting for a response, Mayu ran out the door and through the hallway. She was sprinting and losing her breath.  But she couldn't stop. She had to keep going. "He needs me... I know it."
reply about 4 hours