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All About Floods

Aug 17, 2013

Every year millions of people around the world have their lives affected by floods. Flooding can come from both rivers and the sea and no region is competely safe from flooding. In the last ten years, flooding has cost the US $2.9 billion per year! A flood is simply defined as an overflow of water that submerges land that is normally dry. Depending on the severity of the flood, this can cause a lot of devastation as floods are often the reality of natural disasters like hurricanes or tornadoes. Learn all about the most widespread natural disaster apart from wildfires!

Be prepared for any natural disaster by planning aheadBe prepared for any natural disaster by planning aheadCourtesy of Flickr

What Causes Floods?

Flooding can be caused by a number of things - snow and frozen grounds melting, heavy rainfall, flash floods and mudflows. The most common cause of flooding happens when a river bursts its banks and the water spills onto the floodplain and is often called a flash flood. It can also be caused by heavy rainfall - the faster the rainwater reaches the river channel, the more likely it is to flood. The landscape around the river affects how likely it is to flood. A steep valley, the amount of vegetation and rock-type can all affect how the likelihood of flooding.

It only takes two feet of water to sweep away a carIt only takes two feet of water to sweep away a carCourtesy of Flickr

Flood Facts

  • A car can be swept away in as little as two feet of water.
  • Flash floods can bring walls of water from 10-20 feet high.
  • 90% of all U.S. natural disastersdeclared by the President involve some sort of flooding.
  • The main cause of flooding in the Eastern U.S is due to hurricanes and storms. On the West Coast, it's due to snowmelt and rainstorms.
  • In 1889, a dam break upstream from Johnston, Pennsylvania released a 30-40 foot wall of water that caused 2200 fatalities within minutes. Scary!

A town's flooded streetsA town's flooded streetsCourtesy of Flickr

How to Prepare

It's important to stock up on items for a first aid kit, have plenty of non-perishable food on hand (like canned tuna and chilli), 3 gallons of water per person for 3 days, batteries, a flashlight and a battery-operated radio to listen to weather updates. Prepare an emergency kit with emergency numbers and any essential hygiene items like wipes, medication and warm clothing. If you have a cat, make sure the carrier is somewhere easily accessible. Go to the highest ground of floor possible but if you come into contact with floodwater, make sure to wash your skin with soap and disinfectant as the flood water may be contaminated with sewage. 

Have your say

How much do you know about natural disasters? Share your knowledge in the comments below!

 

57 Comments

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Random In The Forums

AlphaT
AlphaT posted in Debating:
Language. 
reply about 3 hours
rainbowpoptart
The fact that this is even a question is sad. What has this godforsaken country come to? Of course not. Violence doesn't stop violence. Never has, never will. I'm totally fine with peacefully protesting (even though I think immediately jumping to the "They're racist, cops are racist!" conclusion without waiting for the details to come out is a bit close minded (not that I'm saying all of these murders were justified, because a few of them weren't)), but this whole burning down communities, wanting to kill all police officers, looting, and shooting innocent people thing is just plain ridiculous. I do hope these rioters will eventually realize that all their actions are doing is causing a circle jerk and [practically] the entire nation to turn against the Black Lives Matter movement. It isn't doing them any good at all.
reply about 6 hours
unicornsrule626
i'm pretty sure there was. i think the story was when the man went to put his hands up, the police thought he was reaching for a weapon and shot him.
reply about 7 hours
AlphaT
AlphaT posted in Debating:
"unicornsrule626" wrote:it would take years to get everyone to stand together. i agree that riots are making the situation worse. but still not all police are doing their job, if they were, why shoot a guy with his hands up, or a teen running away from you? if your a adult how the heck are you scared or a teen running away from you? Has there ever been an instance where a man was shot by police when he had his hands up? 
reply about 7 hours
PunMaster
Chapter 2- To The Moon... Error personally wasn't a fan of Paperjam constantly calling him 'Dad'. It was 'Dad', this and 'Dad', that. Every time the kid talked to him and addressed him in some way, it was always as 'Dad'. But... he supposed there was no stopping the kid. He'd just have to deal with it. Paperjam now basically followed Error everywhere, and anywhere he went.. it was annoying in some manners, because any time he wanted to be alone, suddenly Paperjam was by his side. But, his company wasn't that terrible... he was tolerable. Paperjam was like Ink in some ways. The kid was creative and loved to draw and create... but he got easily frustrated with his own work and sometimes disliked his own creations, destroying them right after or in the middle of his creative process. It was a sort of constant battle there. It was like a mixed personality. Paperjam didn't work to create things as much as Ink had, but he didn't work to destroy either. It was just in the middle. Heh... Ink probably would've loved looking after the little ball of energy. It was tiring to Error, but when Ink was alive, he'd swear that the smaller skeleton had limitless amounts of energy.  Error sat cross legged in the whiteness of the void, his head resting against one of his hands, while the other was held up, strings coming from his fingers, and they guided puppets around that Paperjam was interacting with, since Paperjam had two little puppets stuck on his hands. Error found the best way to distract PJ, (which was now Paperjam's nickname) was to stick some puppets in front of the him. The kid would go at it for hours.  But... Error wanted to try something. The strings vanished, the puppets dropping, and Paperjam stared in confusion, looking a bit upset. "Kid, come over here, and leave the puppets." Error commanded. Paperjam looked at the puppets for a moment, before hesitantly leaving them there, and went to Error, sitting in front of him. "Yes Dad?" Error took a moment to not get annoyed at the name, then continued. "I want to show you something.. but you have to stay with me at all times, understand?" Wouldn't be a problem most likely, but he had to be sure that the kid knew. "Okay!" Paperjam nodded. "Good... now close your eye sockets, and no peeking whatsoever." Paperjam looked confused, but obeyed, closing his eye sockets. Error stood up, and grabbed one of Paperjam's hands, helping him stand up, and a glitching portal opened up in front of them, Error went through the portal, making sure Paperjam didn't trip or fall, and once they were both through, Error covered Paperjam's eye sockets, just to be sure. "Okay.... when I say, you can open your eye sockets, alright?" Paperjam nodded slightly. Error waited until the portal closed. "Open them, now." He felt Paperjam's eye sockets open under his hands, and he slowly pulled away his hands, little by little, so the kid wouldn't be too shocked by the sudden intake of colors and scenery... They were on the little island where Ink and Error had made their wishes, in Outertale.  Paperjam gasped, staring at all the stars and distant planets in astonishment, stumbling forward slightly... Error could tell the kid was blown away by the sight of it all.  "So PJ, what do you think?" Error smirked slightly, sitting himself back down. He'd almost forgotten just how beautiful things could be outside the void... Paperjam bounced slightly. "It's... it's... IT'S AWESOME!!" He shouted. "Thought you might like it." Error chuckled. Error could feel the aching hole in his soul was easing, the pain dulling.. but remembering He'd never get to be here again with his best friend, his brother... it made him feel that pain again... but it was more endurable, because he wasn't alone anymore. He felt himself smile. It was funny how things worked.  Paperjam sat beside Error, and they sat in silence for some time, staring at the stars.. before Error began to talk with Paperjam, and they wouldn't stop talking for hours. 
reply about 8 hours