Kw-logo-smaller

The Cold Facts on Frostbite

What is Frostbite?

If you've ever been so cold that it hurt, you've had a little taste of what it's like to have frostbite. Frostbite (also called chilblains) is the injury or destruction of skin tissue (or tissue under the skin) resulting from extended exposure to freezing temperatures. Frostbite normally affects fingers, toes, ears and noses - all the parts of your body that get cold first.

What Happens When You Get Frostbite?

When skin is exposed to extreme cold for too long, small blood vessels start to shrink. Blood moves slower through the smaller blood vessels and eventually stops circulating. In some cases, the skin may even freeze. Since blood normally carries oxygen to the skin, the skin tissue starts to die when the blood stops moving. Extreme frostbite may lead to gangrene (irreparable skin tissue death), which may need to be treated with amputation. Yikes! Blisters are caused when ice crystals form in the blood, which causes skin cells to rupture.

What Are the Symptoms of Frostbite?

If you're out in the cold and notice any pale or glossy (or waxy looking) skin, numbness or blistering, you should get inside quickly. Frostbitten skin may also feel stiff and look bluish. Other symptoms are itching, swelling, burning and pain when the area is warmed.

How Do You Treat Frostbite?

A person with frostbite needs to get inside and warm up right away. Remove anything covering the affected skin and gently bathe the area in lukewarm water. Don't use hot water and don't rub the area at all. Seek medical attention right away.

How Do You Avoid Frostbite?

Obviously, it's best to avoid getting frostbite in the first place. To do this, make sure to bundle up before heading out into the cold. Wear a lot of layers because the air between them helps you to keep warm. Also, make sure to protect your most vulnerable areas (hands, feet and other extremities) by wearing gloves, warm socks and protective footwear. It's a good idea to take regular breaks from your icy activities and head inside to warm up.

Related Stories

 

4 Comments

latest videos

F1073946347968

What is Minor Frostbite Called?

  • Frostnibble.
  • Frostnip.
  • Frostchew.
  • Frostchomp.

related stories

Micro_to the arctic-micro
Imax: To the Arctic takes viewers on a breathtaking journey through the coldest place on earth an...
Micro_banana bread - micro
Wintery recipes to warm you up after a fun-filled day in the snow or soothe you through a pesky c...
Micro_herbal-cold-remedies-micro
Move over vitamin C and make way for herbal remedies like echinacea, which boosts your immune sys...
Temba Tseri is one tough, courageous, kick-butt dude. He makes Ray Lewis and The Rock look like p...

Random in the forums

TheEnd777
TheEnd777 posted in Debating:
"-Karpov-" wrote: "TheEnd777" wrote: The law is NOT about discrimination Being able to discriminate against a certain class of people is exactly what it's about.  "TheEnd777" wrote: Why should a caterer or a florist be forced to serve for a wedding that they believe is wrong and immoral according to their religion? Because they're a  part of an economy where discrimination is not conducive to healthy business or ethical behavior.  So what you are saying is that the rights of the gay people trump the rights of the religious people? In a free enterprise capitalist system, by definition the people have the right to run a business however they see fit. You should be allowed to provide your services to whoever you want, not be forced into providing them to whoever wants them, otherwise it is not freedom, it is dictation.  
reply 2 minutes
Ghostling
Ghostling posted in General:
I don't remember.
reply 2 minutes
deadguy
deadguy posted in General:
fjljfdknjklv;,dropkg    <--- that's art.
reply 5 minutes
-Karpov-
-Karpov- posted in Debating:
"TheEnd777" wrote:The law is NOT about discrimination Being able to discriminate against a certain class of people is exactly what it's about.  "TheEnd777" wrote:Why should a caterer or a florist be forced to serve for a wedding that they believe is wrong and immoral according to their religion? Because they're a  part of an economy where discrimination is not conducive to healthy business or ethical behavior. 
reply 6 minutes
TheEnd777
TheEnd777 posted in Debating:
"lelnah" wrote:America is SUPPOSEDLY the country of freedom. Of course this is wrong! VERY wrong! So it's okay to force a florist or a caterer to provide for a wedding that violates their religion? Or to force a store to employ someone even if their personal values go against them? 
reply 10 minutes

play online games