Kw-logo-smaller

The Periodic Table of Elements - Periodic Chart

Periodic Table of Elements.
Periodic Chart
Understanding chemistry

Chemistry is the section of science that studies the characteristics of substances and their reactions when they are mixed with each other. Basically, chemistry is the study of matter and the composition, structure and reactions of matter. So what is matter? Everything on Earth and in our universe is made up of matter - anything you can see, touch or smell is considered matter.

Matter comes in three different main states: gases, liquids and solids. There's also a fourth state, plasma, but it only exists at very high temperatures. Molecules in a plasma state don't always behave the same. Speaking of molecules... atoms and molecules are what make matter possible. They're what every material in the universe is made of.

Confused? Because there are so many elements (a substance that cannot be broken down any further) and there's the chance of more being discovered, they've been organized into a table. The Periodic Table of Elements or Periodic Chart as it's also known as, is based on atomic numbers and electron configuration. There are 109 elements that make up the Periodic Table of Elements so far. Element names are abbreviated. Most of the time the abbreviations make sense (like C for Carbon) but not always (like Na for Sodium.) There are four elements that make up 99 percent of living organisms. They are: hydrogen (H), oxygen (O), nitrogen (N) and carbon (C).

The Periodic Table of Elements is arranged in rows called periods. Columns in the chart are grouped together by similar properties like gases, metals and earth. The number in each box is the number of atoms and the letters are the abbreviation for the symbol. Click here to check out the Period Table of Elements and more information on the elements.

Looking for the coolest chemistry-related science fair project? How about making the biggest bubble? Click here for bubbles of fun and for the 411 on bubbles.

Related Stories:

  • Science Fair Projects
  • How Helium Works
  • Blood Doping
  • >
    >

    readers voted!

    Comments

    rayjohn

    rayjohn wrote:

    I remember in school in chemistry class....me and my classmate(partner) sing the period...
    commented: Thu Jun 13, 2013

    rayjohn

    rayjohn wrote:

    I remember in school in chemistry class....me and my classmate (partner) sing...
    commented: Thu Jun 13, 2013

    KittenAdoption
    Haha! I Have A Poster Of The Periodic Table In My Room! Silly Me...xDD
    commented: Sun Jan 08, 2012

    there are 4 more comments

    Please login or register to add comments


    like this article?
    Sign up now to get more just like it!

    latest videos

    F1015467063703

    Best Chemical Reaction? Vote!

    • Baking a cake.
    • Starting a fire.
    • Dying your hair.
    • Washing your clothes.

    related stories

    Random in the forums

    -Gwen42--
    -Gwen42-- posted in Say Anything:
    No but I know some people that have a birthday on September 11th. Mine is October 5th.
    reply 7 minutes
    Lily.so.cutE
    Lily.so.cutE posted in General:
    It's  pleasure reading a book try reading one . If u have already share ur experiences
    reply about 1 hour
    Jenna_love
    Jenna_love posted in General:
    TIRED it's too early!!!!!!!!!!!
    reply about 2 hours
    khristofer
    khristofer posted in General:
    648
    reply about 2 hours
    -Gwen42--
    The Fault In Our Stars by John Green
    reply about 3 hours

    play online games

    Candy-100

    A great online version of the famous Candy Crush. This is the best game launched...

    Big_icon_(7)

    Have you ever fancied being a ranger like those fantasy characters you love so m...

    Hour-of-code-tumb

    Millions of Students will be doing an Hour of Code with Tynker December 8th-14th...

    Big_icon_(4)

    You run across the city in a car chase with the police officers.

    Big_icon_(6)

    The evil master kidnapped all of your friends!