Kw-logo-holiday

Pacific Ocean’s Plastic Island

Giant Island Made Of Garbage = Gross

Floating in the waters of the North Pacific Ocean is one lasting human legacy we can’t be proud of at all – a giant floating island of garbage.


It’s known as the Great Pacific Garbage Patch, the Eastern Garbage Patch and the Pacific Trash Vortex. But no matter what you call it, it’s pretty disgusting.


The floating island of rubbish is a collection of marine litter in the central North Pacific estimated to be about the twice the size of the state of Texas. It’s mainly composed of plastic and other debris that have been trapped by the current of the North Pacific Gyre.


It’s huge but – so far – it’s not visible from space.


Basically, the garbage patch has formed over time as a result of ocean currents moving waste to one location. Once the garbage gets to the central North Pacific location, it doesn’t really move much (that’s the way the ocean currents work).


Some Stats

  • Twice the size of the state of Texas
  • Covers an area between 700,000 square kilometers to more than 15,000,000 square kilometers – 0.41% of the total size of the Pacific Ocean
  • Contains over 100,000,000 tons of debris
  • 80% of the garbage comes from land
  • 20% of the garbage comes from ships at sea
  • It takes about 5 years for currents to carry a piece of garbage from North America to the spot
  • It takes about 1 year for currents to carry a piece of garbage from Asia to the spot

Impact On Environment

Even though we always talk about how plastic doesn’t disintegrate in landfills, it does break down into smaller and smaller pieces when it’s floating in the ocean. However, it only breaks down in size, not content – so once plastic, always plastic.

Once the plastic pieces become small enough they can be mistaken for zooplankton and actually be ingested or eaten by aquatic organisms – which means they can enter the food chain and may end up back on your dinner plate.


Whether they ingest the tiny pieces of plastic directly or by eating another animal that has previously ingested the plastic, there are several kinds of creatures that are affected: jellyfish, sea turtles, albatross, etc.


The floating debris can also absorb organic pollutants from the seawater, which makes them even more harmful to wildlife that may ingest them.


Cleanup

In 2008, Richard Owen, a building contractor and scuba dive instructor, formed the Environmental Cleanup Coalition to address the issue of the pollution of the North Pacific. The ECC plan calls for modifying a fleet of ships to clear the area of debris and form a restoration and recycling laboratory called Gyre Island.


Related Stories:
>

readers voted!

Comments

James

James wrote:

Wow that is insane!!
commented: Tue Mar 08, 2011

there are 1 more comments

Please login or register to add comments


like this article?
Sign up now to get more just like it!

latest videos

F1123095868734

Grossest Garbage? Vote

  • Grossly sticky pop bottles.
  • Week-old banana peels.
  • That thing under my brother's bed!
  • Gum that sticks to my shoe.

related stories

Micro_global-warming-micrp
People are seeing change all over the world. Arctic sea ice is melting earlier and forming later....

Random in the forums

parisgirl22
parisgirl22 posted in New Users:
Ok. WHAT you don't have holiday break??? I'm so sorry! :( Thanks... (: from meeeee
reply 31 minutes
Jelly3
Jelly3 posted in New Users:
I figured you knew, because you've already uploaded your profile picture. Gifs work the same way as pictures, you upload them the same way. Nope, we don't have winter break actually. But Merry Christmas! :D 
reply about 1 hour
parisgirl22
parisgirl22 posted in New Users:
yeah.... i hope she comes back. Nevermind the picture thing- I think I know how. Thanks anyway! (: So, r u on break? If so....happy holidays!!!! :D
reply about 1 hour
Jelly3
Jelly3 posted in General:
Yay, thank you! cx
reply about 1 hour
Jelly3
Jelly3 posted in New Users:
Aw. D: I hope she comes back to kw.  You're welcome. :D You mean you want to know how they're uploaded?
reply about 1 hour

play online games

Hour-of-code-tumb

Codey the troll is lost! Help him avoid obstacles and get back into the computer...

Candy-quest-feature

Your troll is lost! Help it avoid obstacles and get back into the computer.

Fo...

Dragon-dash

Your dragon must return to guard the treasure! Help it gather lost coins and avo...

_thumb_100x100

Shoot blobs with different properties to merge yellow blobs. Your blobs can be r...

1005_cc_kidz_100x100_vlh

Candy's got her candies into a terrible mess, can you help her to sort them out?

Candy-100

A great online version of the famous Candy Crush. This is the best game launched...

_thumb_100x100

Bloons 2 is here! A worthy and awesome sequel at last to our original Bloons gam...

Frostbox_100x100

Explore the world or hang out with friends in your own condo. Get a unique look,...