Ouija Board and the Ideomotor Response (Source: Wikipedia)
Following its commercial introduction by businessman Elijah Bond on July 1, 1890, the Ouija board was regarded as a parlor game unrelated to the occult until American Spiritualist Pearl Curran popularized its use as a divining tool during World War I. Spiritualists believed that the dead were able to contact the living and reportedly used a talking board very similar to a modern Ouija board at their camps in Ohio in 1886 to ostensibly enable faster communication with spirits.
Paranormal and supernatural beliefs associated with Ouija have been harshly criticized by the scientific community, since they are characterized as pseudoscience. The action of the board can be parsimoniously explained by unconscious movements of those controlling the pointer, a psychophysiological phenomenon known as the ideomotor effect
Ideomotor phenomenon is a psychological phenomenon wherein a subject makes motions unconsciously.
The phrase is most commonly used in reference to the process whereby a thought or mental image brings about a seemingly "reflexive" or automatic muscular reaction, often of minuscule degree, and potentially outside of the awareness of the subject. As in reflexive responses to pain, the body sometimes reacts reflexively with an ideomotor effect to ideas alone without the person consciously deciding to take action. The effects of automatic writing, dowsing, facilitated communication, and Ouija boards have been attributed to the phenomenon. Mystics have often attributed these effects to paranormal or supernatural force. Many subjects are unconvinced that their actions are originating solely from within themselves.
Scientific tests by the English scientist Michael Faraday, Manchester surgeon James Braid, the French chemist Michel Eugène Chevreul, and the American psychologists William James and Ray Hyman have demonstrated that many phenomena attributed to spiritual or paranormal forces, or to mysterious "energies," are actually due to ideomotor action. Furthermore, these tests demonstrate that "honest, intelligent people can unconsciously engage in muscular activity that is consistent with their expectations". They also show that suggestions that can guide behavior can be given by subtle clues (Hyman 1977).
about 3 hours
Exactly. I tend to judge wrongly when I am not in such a good moodand I realize how nfair I am being. The people were actually really nice; they just didn't really know me and so they wouldn't talk I learnt to reat others the way I'd like to be treated. And I still do it sometiems but I'm trying to stop.
about 3 hours
@heyangelhere ANGELLLLLL lol I wanted to wiiiiiin but congratsCan we make another like that? I'd just discovered it and started loving it.
about 4 hours
Hey guys! So I enjoy writing stories, and PunMaster gave me the idea to make a forum where I can post my writing! So uh, here it is.
about 6 hours