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Avalanches and Snow Slides

An avalanche happens when a layer of snow becomes loose and slides downhill. Thousands of avalanches occur every winter in the mountains and are usually triggered by people. Avalanches are caused by these four factors: a steep slope, a snow cover, a weak layer in the snow cover and a trigger such as a snowboarder or skier.

Avalanches and Snowslides - Three Main Types

  • Powder Avalanches - An increasing volume of powdered snow is thrown into the air, charging down the slope like a dense cloud. It can reach speeds of 250 mph (400 kph) and can flatten anything in its path.
  • Wet Snow Avalanches - When the temperature warms up, snow weakens and a wet snow avalanche can happen. The snow spreads as it slowly slides. Once it stops, it settles like concrete so buried victims can't move or breathe.
  • Slab Avalanches - These are the most common and are usually triggered by skiers. When layers of snow don't cling together, a trigger such as the weight and tracks of a skier or snowboarder, will cause the top layer to slide. There is little chance of escaping the moving slab as it breaks and carries a victim down the slope.

Avalanche formationAvalanche formation

Avalanches and Snowslides - Outrunning a Slide

Don't bother trying to outrun an avalanche. You won't make it. Dry slab avalanches usually cruise down a slope around 60-80 mph (97-130 kph.) They can reach these speeds about five seconds after they fracture. Wet avalanches are much slower at about 20 mph (32 kph) but it's still a miracle to outrun one.

The Most Dangerous Avalanche

The most dangerous is a dry slab avalanche - it causes the most deaths. Imagine a dinner plate sliding off a table. When the plate shatters and keeps sliding, the food on the plate hardly stands a chance. The slab shatters like glass with the victim in the middle - escape is rare.

Slab AvalancheSlab Avalanche

Avalanche Facts

This usually has a lot to do with luck. But avoiding potential avalanches has to do with using your brains. Here are some avalanche facts to consider:

  • Your chances of surviving an avalanche are around 80% if you use/carry the proper equipment (beacons, shovel, probes, etc.).
  • Without proper equipment your survival chances are less than three percent.
  • Check the conditions and the slope stability before skiing or boarding in avalanche territory.
  • Skiing or boarding out of bounds increases your chances of being caught in a snow slide.
  • If you're caught in an avalanche, swim with the avalanche to try and stay on top.
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Who Can Outrun an Avalanche?

  • Road Runner can outrun an avalanche.
  • Speedy Gonzales can outrun any avalanche.
  • Tazmanian Devil would escape, even if he had to dig.
  • I could outrun an avalanche.

General In The Forums

XxRuby_PhoenixxX
Today, several states had thousands of women joining together to fight against Trump. Celebrities like Madonna, Ariana Grande, and Miley Cirus showed up, some gave speeches, women shouted and raised their signs. Will Trump budge? What do you think? Should women be able to have abortion? Should Trump cut funds of women?
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AnnaOfExquizurd
"Synyster3" wrote:I have used both the Steam and standalone version of GameMaker. This could just be me being biased against Steam, but I recommend the standalone version. I think it loads faster, compiles faster, and is just overall smoother... The only thing that the Steam version has that this one does not is access to the 'workshop,' in which you can easily share and play other people's games. Ah, cool! X3 I'll pass on your advice to my friend so someone may benefit from it, as I don't use the application anymore. Thanks ^-^
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Synyster3
Synyster3 posted in Electronics:
@AnnaOfExquizurd: I have used both the Steam and standalone versions of GameMaker. This could just be me being biased against Steam, but I recommend the standalone version. I think it loads faster, compiles faster, and is overall smoother... The only thing that the Steam version has that this one does not is access to the 'workshop,' in which you can easily share and play other people's games.
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AnnaOfExquizurd
"Streety43" wrote:Donald Trump became our 45th president yesterday. Do you support him and his actions? I do support him and his actions. He's the leader of our country, whether we like it or not, and we need to help him, as our government is based on the people. When you wish for him to fail, you're practically wishing for the country to fall... which isn't a good thing for the citizens o.o
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AnnaOfExquizurd
"Synyster3" wrote:Yeah, I'm very interested in game development!For over three years, I have been working with a program called GameMaker Studio... I've made several top-down and platformer games, as well as one 3D game. I never got too far with my 3D game, but I have the basic movement down. Right now, I'm working on a top-down survival shooter game! I've done a bit of experimenting with GameMaker Studio, but was too lazy to learn the coding and dropped it :P My friend is learning how to actually USE it though. He always makes fun of me for it, lol. Do you use it through Steam or found the program and downloaded it?
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