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Franklin D. Roosevelt Bio

Franklin Delano Roosevelt, aka FDR, was the 32nd President of the United States. He was related to Theodore Roosevelt (they were fifth cousins), who had been the 26th President of the United States.


Early Years

FDR’s dad was a whopping 26 years older than his mom! As an only child, he got to go on trips to Europe with his parents and was educated by private tutors instead of going to public school.


While he was attending Harvard University, FDR met his distant cousin Eleanor and fell in love with her brilliant mind. Even though his mom opposed the relationship and constantly interfered, the couple was married and had six children (tragically, one son died as a baby).


Polio & Politics

At 29, FDR became a U.S. Senator from New York. He ran for Vice-President in 1920 but lost. The next year a terrible thing happened to him. He became ill with polio, a disease that attacks and cripples the body. He became partially paralyzed. He fought hard to overcome the disease and regained the use of his hands, but he would never be able to walk again without help. Swimming in warm water seemed to help his legs.



Some thought his career was over, but after becoming governor of New York, FDR was elected President of the United States in 1932. The country was in an economic depression. People could not get jobs and families were suffering. Men stood in bread lines to get food. People lost their homes and farmers lost their farms.


Three weeks after he took office there was a banking crisis. People began to be afraid and drew their money out of the banks. The banks were running out of money. FDR declared a "bank holiday" and closed all the banks until the accounting books could be examined.


FDR knew he had to do something to help his countrymen survive the economic crisis. He implemented The New Deal, created jobs for people building roads, bridges and schoolhouses and even paid people to clean up the parks and do odd jobs. He started a program called Social Security to help people in their old age. Millions of Americans today depend on Social Security benefits for their retirement income.


On Air & Re-elected

Running RaceRunning Race

Radio was the primary source of information in those days. FDR used the radio as a means of communicating with the American people through his series of 30 fireside chats. He would begin each talk with "My friends … ".


In 1936 FDR was re-elected by a landslide, winning in every state except Maine and Vermont.


World War

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In 1935 Congress passed the Neutrality Act, which prohibited the United States from furnishing weapons or supplies to any nation at war. But then Germany attacked Poland. What was America to do? Should she just ignore what was happening? Congress passed another Neutrality Act which allowed the sale of weapons, but nations buying the weapons had to move them on their own ships.


In 1940 the Democrats again nominated FDR to run for President. No man up to this time had ever run for a third presidential term, but there was no law against it. (In 1947 the 22nd Amendment to the Constitution was proposed limiting a person to serving only two terms as President. It was ratified in 1951.) FDR was elected to a third term.


The world at this time was divided into two camps. On one side were the Axis Powers: Nazi Germany, Fascist Italy and the Empire of Japan. In the other camp were the Allies – those opposing the Axis Powers (Winston Churchill (British Prime Minister), FDR and Joseph Stalin of Russia.


America had been able to stay out of the war until December 7, 1941. That was the day Japan ordered an attack on the American Naval fleet at Pearl Harbor on the island of Hawaii. FDR and Churchill decided that Germany needed to be defeated. Since the war was continuing in 1944, FDR was again elected President. This would be his fourth term! He had already been President for twelve years. He wanted to retire, but felt it was his duty to continue to serve his country.


The Republicans said FDR’s health was too poor for him to run again. He would show them! He drove around in an open car for four hours in a rainstorm. He won the election, but he soon began to have one cold after another. This went on for a year.


Two days after his inauguration he met with Churchill and Stalin. They planned their strategy to defeat Germany. In April 1945 FDR was in Warm Springs, Georgia, where he collapsed and died. Millions of Americans mourned the death of their beloved President. The world had lost a great leader. The war would come to an end four months later.


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General In The Forums

JazzyRox
JazzyRox posted in Debating:
"Eri-Prime" wrote: TRUST ME. There used to be more. Really? I Just looked it up and Here is what i found....: At the dawn of agriculture, about 8000 B.C., the population of the world was approximately 5 million. Over the 8,000-year period up to 1 A.D. it grew to 200 million (some estimate 300 million or even 600, suggesting how imprecise population estimates of early historical periods can be), with a growth rate of under 0.05% per year. A tremendous change occurred with the industrial revolution: whereas  it had taken all of human history until around 1800 for world population to reach one billion , the second billion was achieved in only 130 years (1930), the third billion in less than 30 years (1959), the fourth billion in 15 years (1974), and the fifth billion in only 13 years (1987). During the 20th century alone, the population in the world has grown from 1.65 billion to 6 billion. In 1970, there were roughly half as many people in the world as there are now. Because of declining  growth rates , it will now take over 200 years to double again. So, There are definitely more people on earth now...huh? 
reply 7 minutes
JazzyRox
JazzyRox posted in Debating:
"Eri-Prime" wrote: It should be illiegal. we are reducing Earths popluationn ya know? WE NEED MORE HUMANS I don't think we need any more humans right now.. We already Have 7 billion... plus, Not all Humans are gay..(obviously! most humans are straight.) And i think that if you are gay it is a great opportunity to Adopt a child who needs a home. (I'm Mormon Btw, And Mormons get shamed for hating gays...Like seriously? No! Maybe someone should try being a mormon before assuming what we hate and don't hate) 
reply 12 minutes
Hunter_oo
Hunter_oo posted in Electronics:
Calling
reply 33 minutes
-itsemily-
-itsemily- posted in Debating:
of course!
reply 37 minutes
-itsemily-
-itsemily- posted in Random:
You're really pretty but I'm not into girls so no x
reply 38 minutes