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All About Martin Luther King Jr.

Jan 09, 2017

Martin Luther King Jr. was one of the most influential political activists in 20th century American history, and played a key role in the African American Civil Rights movement. In honor of his contribution to U.S. history the third Monday of every January is a federal holiday - Martin Luther King Jr. Day! Find out more in All About Martin Luther King Jr.

MLK Jr. was born January 15, 1929MLK Jr. was born January 15, 1929

Young Martin

Born (January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) and raised in Atlanta, Georgia Martin Luther King Jr. came from a long line of pastors, but in his youth he had doubts about his religion. He attended a segregated high school (meaning the white and African American students were separated, and African Americans not given the same privileges) but was so smart that he skipped some grades and went straight to Morehouse College at the age of 15. In college he met his future wife Coretta Scott, with whom he had 4 children. Despite his feelings on religion, after earning his degree Martin became pastor like his grandfather and father.

Pastor to Politics

At just 25-years-old King became pastor at the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama and continued his studies, earning a doctorate in theology at Boston University at the same time. In his studies Martin met a professor who profoundly affected how he saw the world when he pointed him in the direction of the renowned Indian politician Gandhi, who believed in preaching and affecting change through non-violence. Martin found this inspiring, and was soon to be able to put it to the test. He became a member of the committee for the National Associaton for Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and in 1955 when Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat on a Montgomery bus because of segregation laws, he staged the first nonviolent united boycott by African Americans in history which lasted for 385 days, despite King having his home bombed and being arrested himself. The boycott ended with United States District Court ruling that all segregation on Montgomery buses should come to an end.

Martin Luther King moved and helped many with his speechesMartin Luther King moved and helped many with his speeches

Civil Rights Hero

Martin Luther King Jr. had played a major part in starting a movement towards a completely free and equal society, and he continued to propel the African American Civil Rights movement forward. He was elected president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference and over the next 11 years traveled across the country giving speeches and helping to create change in places which outdated laws and severe injustice, most notably in Birmingham, Alabama. He also wrote several books and articles outlining how civil rights needed to change across the country. At just 35 years old, he was the youngest recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize.

On April 4th 1968 Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated while in Memphis to support a strike organized for African American garbage workers.

Martin with his wife Coretta and childrenMartin with his wife Coretta and children

Check out Martin Luther King’s famous “I Have A Dream” speech below!

 

Have Your Say

What do you think of Martin Luther King Jr.? Let us know in the comments section below.

 

89 Comments

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Which African Americans Activist in History do you find fascinating?

  • Martin Luther King Jr.
  • Harriet Tubman
  • Malcolm X
  • Sojourner Truth

General In The Forums

Kirsteeeeen
Kirsteeeeen posted in Random:
This thread has been moved. Click here to see the new thread.
reply 10 minutes
SnowflakeAngelKitten
Alright, I need to vent about something. In this one role-play called Logan: The Beast Unleashed, I have this one character named Aiden who is a former mercenary assassin. (I know, pretty dark. But just hear me out here.) Aiden went to try and convince Logan to come back, and pretty much failed. Going to Logan, Aiden killed 5 thugs that he came across that were going to do something pretty bad if he didn't do something first. At the middle of the time he had there, he killed a guy that was going to inform people about him which would be awful. A month later, Aiden received a letter. The day after, a guy entered the side street that Aiden lived in, giving Aiden the right to kill him. Then the leader said, "Can you please tone it down with Aiden's killing?" I kill 5 guys, then 1 more, and when I kill a 7th guy, I'm told to tone it down. First, he killed 6 people in one day. Then one month and a day later, I kill someone and then told to tone it down. How does he know whether or not Aiden had been keeping away from killing people? Meanwhile, his character Carl kills whoever crosses his path, just to get to a girl. Carl goes and kill countless people and when I kill a 7th guy, I'm told to tone it down. Carl doesn't seem to be much different than Aiden! If anything,  he should tone it down! I just can't believe it. 1 month and 1 day later, kill a 7th guy and then, "Can you please tone it down?" HOW ABOUT YOU TONE IT DOWN?! It isn't very logical to tell me to tone it down when he has so much more going on! Sure, a lot has to change so Aiden can work with the others, but I don't want to be told to tone it down when Carl can't tone it down! Why can't Aiden just continue on with his usual act and make it more fun and challenging for when the time comes for Aiden to cooperate with others? *sarcastically* IT ISN'T LIKE ANYONE IS BEING PRO-FAVORED HERE! Seriously, the leader makes it so much harder for me to really do anything and makes it easier for everyone else. I'M NOT EVEN THE VILLAIN! I feel incredibly disrespected when he constantly makes it so much harder for me. Sure, the challenge is fun sometimes. But if I feel like as if I can't do anything and make no progress, then how in the world am I supposed to have fun? Role-playing is for having fun. I don't want to leave, I just don't to participate in a role-play where I can't have fun.
reply 13 minutes
SnowflakeAngelKitten
They sound awesome because they  are awesome! XD
reply about 1 hour
Quirks
Quirks posted in Random:
If you can find out the answer to 1 question, what would it be?
reply about 1 hour
Modernicide
Modernicide posted in Debating:
"-Oracle-" wrote: I actually think you're a genius. Hitler has 6 letters right? Fascist has 7 letters. Altogether giving a total sum of 13 letters. Now you believe that Trump is basically Hitler reincarnated which is legit so let's say 'Trump is Hitler' which has a letter total of.... Yes. 13 letters. Now if Hitler was a fascist and Trump is basically Hitler then wouldn't that make Trump also a fascist. Of course this breakthrough of Trump a Fascist couldn't be made public so it was subliminally confirmed through the numbering of letters. Smart. Also, Donald has six letters, so does Hitler. Cohencidence? I think not.
reply about 1 hour