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Civil Rights Movement Timeline

Jan 09, 2015

Long before Martin Luther King Jr. walked onto the civil rights stage, many important events took place in the civil rights movement for equality and peace. Many civil rights leaders went before Dr. King's "I Have A Dream" speech and many came after. Kidzworld has highlighted some of the important dates and events that took place over the past few hundred years that made America the country it is today.

July 2nd,1777

March 3rd, 1820

  • The Missouri Compromise is enacted; slavery is banned everywhere north of Missouri, but is still legal in the southern United States.

September 17th, 1849

  • Harriet Tubman escapes slavery in Maryland and spends the next several years helping more than 300 people escape to free territory by way of the Underground Railroad.

April 12th, 1861

  • The Civil War begins.

July 17th, 1862

  • Congress gives President Abraham Lincoln the green light to allow black people to join the military.

January 31st, 1865

  • The Thirteenth Amendment is passed and slavery is officially abolished from the United States.

April 15th, 1865

June 13th, 1868

  • Ex-slave Oscar Dunn becomes Lieutenant Governor of Louisiana.

July 28th, 1868

  • The Fourteenth Amendment is passed giving black citizens in America full citizenship.

March 30th, 1870

  • The right to vote is granted to all American males (other than Native Americans), regardless of race, color or previous condition of servitude (so even men who had previously been slaves could now vote).

March 1st, 1875

  • Civil Rights Act is passed giving all black citizens the right to equal treatment in public and on any public transportation.

November 26th, 1883

  • US Supreme Court declares the Civil Rights Act to be unconstitutional because laws covered by the Civil Rights Act should be left up to individual states, not the federal government. Individual states now again allowed to discriminate in any way they want against black citizens.


  • In the same year that the United States enters World War I, anti-black riots are held in St. Louis, Illinois and more than 100 black citizens are either killed or injured. More than 10,000 black New Yorkers hold the Silent Parade to protest the violence.

December 8th, 1936

  • The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) sues the government to make them pay black and white teachers equal salaries.

June 3rd, 1946

  • US Supreme Court bans segregation of black and white people on public transit.

Civil Rights - December 1st, 1955

  • Rosa Parks is arrested for refusing to give up her seat on a bus in Montgomery, AL. Martin Luther King Jr. leads a boycott of Montgomery buses that lasts over a year.

September 24th, 1957

  • Nine black students integrate with white students at Central High School in Little Rock, AR. President Dwight Eisenhower sends the paratroopers in to ward off any violence.

August 28th, 1963

  • More than 250,000 civil rights demonstrators march on Washington, DC, where Martin Luther King Jr. delivers his "I Have A Dream" speech.


April 4th, 1968

  • Martin Luther King Jr. is assassinated in Memphis, TN, where had gone to give a speech to striking garbage workers.


  • Unita Blackwell, founding member of the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party, becomes the first black woman mayor in the history of Mississippi in the city of Mayersville. She had once been denied the right to vote there.


  • Vanessa Williams is crowned the first black Miss America.

January 15th, 1986


  • NAACP launches a campaign against TV networks to increase number of minorities in shows.


  • Colin Powell becomes the first black US Secretary of State.

March 24th, 2002

  • Halle Berry becomes first African American woman to win an Oscar for best actress.

January 20th, 2009

  • Barack Obama becomes first African American president of the United States.
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esthery27 posted in Debating:
"simran88" wrote: "esthery27" wrote:I would rather be happy. It is much obvious that in this society nowadays smart people have the most advantages of being successful and socially acccepted based on their careers, position, personal success, fame, power and all that upper middle class stuff. But at the same time while being 'smart', they are also facing all kinds of stress and struggles such as trying the best at showing the perfect them to the society, mantaining all the success, fame and power all the time while the list goes on and on. But happy people on the other hand, or in other words, are happy because they live in the moment. They don't care , or don't need to care what others think of them because they are not living under the eyes and sayings of other people. They enjoy being themselves in their way. Although nothing is perfect, but they tend to make the best out of the many things. And they don't get easiy tired of trying to become the best of the bests, as most smart people tend to do.So if i would choose, i would rather be happy than smart. Well, then the 'smart' people you've spoken about are not really all that smart after all,  are they? Cuz if they were really all that smart they would've realised that they shouldn't care about what others think about them. Am I right? Great point ! Thanks for the reminder ! So what do you think about being smart or happy ? 
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unknownqueen posted in Debating:
"FroggyBurton" wrote:I would rather be Happy because I'm already smart XDAhahaha xD why haven't i thought of that? Same here same here
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Banned for using numbers to ban someone 
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HappyBaker posted in General:
Lie on the floor and sing. He got it from me :PWhat am I?
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