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Civil Rights Movement Timeline

There were many key leaders within the civil rights movement, including Harriet Tubman and Oscar Dunn.
Civil Rights Movement

Long before Martin Luther King Jr. walked onto the civil rights stage, many important events took place in the civil rights movement for equality and peace. Many civil rights leaders went before Dr. King's "I Have A Dream" speech and many came after. Kidzworld has highlighted some of the important dates and events that took place over the past few hundred years that made America the country it is today.

July 2,1777

March 3, 1820

  • The Missouri Compromise is enacted; slavery is banned everywhere north of Missouri, but is still legal in the southern United States.

September 17, 1849

  • Harriet Tubman escapes slavery in Maryland and spends the next several years helping more than 300 people escape to free territory by way of the Underground Railroad.

April 12, 1861

  • The Civil War begins.

July 17, 1862

  • Congress gives President Abraham Lincoln the green light to allow black people to join the military.

January 31, 1865

  • The Thirteenth Amendment is passed and slavery is officially abolished from the United States.

April 15, 1865

June 13, 1868

  • Ex-slave Oscar Dunn becomes Lieutenant Governor of Louisiana.

July 28, 1868

  • The Fourteenth Amendment is passed giving black citizens in America full citizenship.

March 30, 1870

  • The right to vote is granted to all American males (other than Native Americans), regardless of race, color or previous condition of servitude (so even men who had previously been slaves could now vote).

March 1, 1875

  • Civil Rights Act is passed giving all black citizens the right to equal treatment in public and on any public transportation.

November 26, 1883

  • US Supreme Court declares the Civil Rights Act to be unconstitutional because laws covered by the Civil Rights Act should be left up to individual states, not the federal government. Individual states now again allowed to discriminate in any way they want against black citizens.

1917

  • In the same year that the United States enters World War I, anti-black riots are held in St. Louis, Illinois and more than 100 black citizens are either killed or injured. More than 10,000 black New Yorkers hold the Silent Parade to protest the violence.

December 8, 1936

  • The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) sues the government to make them pay black and white teachers equal salaries.

June 3, 1946

  • US Supreme Court bans segregation of black and white people on public transit.

Civil Rights - December 1, 1955

  • Rosa Parks is arrested for refusing to give up her seat on a bus in Montgomery, AL. Martin Luther King Jr. leads a boycott of Montgomery buses that lasts over a year.

September 24, 1957

  • Nine black students integrate with white students at Central High School in Little Rock, AR. President Dwight Eisenhower sends the paratroopers in to ward off any violence.

August 28, 1963

  • More than 250,000 civil rights demonstrators march on Washington, DC, where Martin Luther King Jr. delivers his "I Have A Dream" speech.

1964

April 4, 1968

  • Martin Luther King Jr. is assassinated in Memphis, TN, where had gone to give a speech to striking garbage workers.

1978

  • Unita Blackwell, founding member of the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party, becomes the first black woman mayor in the history of Mississippi in the city of Mayersville. She had once been denied the right to vote there.

1983

  • Vanessa Williams is crowned the first black Miss America.

January 15, 1986

  • Martin Luther King, Jr.'s birthday is celebrated as a federal holiday for the first time.

1999

  • NAACP launches a campaign against TV networks to increase number of minorities in shows.

2000

  • Colin Powell becomes the first black US Secretary of State.

March 24, 2002

  • Halle Berry becomes first African American woman to win an Oscar for best actress.

January 20, 2009

  • Barack Obama becomes first African American president of the United States.
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jordan4u

jordan4u wrote:

no one does
commented: Mon Feb 17, 2014

__misstrendyme__
wonder who disliked it
commented: Sun Jan 19, 2014

cond

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AlphaT
AlphaT posted in Debating:
"Black_Ivy" wrote:because america tries to help every other country but not our own. and we are scared of everything And that's not necessarily a bad thing, The American Value of freedom should be global, and should be fought for by every able country. However, we shouldn't be the world's police.
reply 2 minutes
Black_Ivy
Black_Ivy posted in Debating:
but for real though Wall-E
reply 14 minutes
Sana11
Sana11 posted in Debating:
Some unforseen natural disaster will come and will wipe out the whole of humanity and thus the world shall end. 
reply 16 minutes
Black_Ivy
Black_Ivy posted in Debating:
because america tries to help every other country but not our own. and we are scared of everything
reply 19 minutes
AlphaT
AlphaT posted in Debating:
"Black_Ivy" wrote:only if everyone were brave enough to do it. and it wont be from americans. although if we are talking several hundred years in the future. america might have imploded into an economic wreckage and everyone is poor idk Of course America will fall into wreckage. Look at history, every great Empire fell...that's why there isn't a sole Empire governing the entire known world. It wont happen in our lifetimes, but it always happens to the strongest power currently in the world. That's what happened to The Roman Empire, The Persian Empire, The Mongolian Empire, The British Empire, The Spanish Empire, The Russian Empire, Greece, Egypt, and 50 some odd Chinese dynasties. Point being, we're not the first to be the world's superpower...why is our fate different?
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