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Somalia - The Crisis Continues

For over a decade, Somalia has faced instability, violence and death. Find out how this African nation came to be such a volatile place.

Somalia - Where Is It?

Somalia is a small country located on the Horn of Africa. This is a region of Africa that is comprised of Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea and Somalia. Bordering Somalia on the west is Ethiopia, Djibouti and Kenya, the Gulf Of Aden is to the north and the Indian Ocean lies to the east.

Somalia - A Brief History

The nation of Somalia has existed in some form or another for more than 2,000 years. It wasn't until the late 1880s that foreigners arrived, looking to colonize the country. Britain, Italy and France each claimed their own chunk of Somalia, struggling for the next 50 years over who got a bigger piece. Finally, in 1960, Somalia gained its independence, but it was still a very unstable place. In 1969, a coup d'etat took place, which means a group of people overthrew the government. Mohamed Siad Barre, the general of the group who lead the coup became the president of Somalia and remained in that position until 1991.

Throughout his time as president, Mohamed Siad Barre attempted to reclaim Somali territory from neighboring Ethiopia. Somalia's pleas for help from other countries went unanswered and they eventually lost their fight. The people of Somalia became restless and in 1991 the government was overthrown again - the only difference is that the fighting continued without any one person stepping up to the plate to lead the country.

Somalia - Civil War

Fighting has continued in Somalia for more than a decade now: between various warlord-led groups, against Ethiopia, and most recently against the United States. While different groups such as the Alliance for the Restoration of Peace and Counter-Terrorism (ARPCT) and the Islamic Courts Union (ICU) fight for control of Somalia, Ethiopia has declared war on the country to protect itself. The United States has said it is staging targeted attacks on what it believes to be terrorist cells operating out of Somalia. Since civil war broke out in the early '90s, approximately 500,000 people have died in Somalia.

Somalia - Did U Know?

  • Somalia was one of many countries that felt the effects of the Indian Ocean tsunami in 2004. An estimated 300 people died in the aftermath.
  • Somalia has one of the lowest HIV infection rates in Africa, but close to 35% of all children born in Somalia die before they are five years old due to disease and dehydration.
  • Nearly all Somalis are practicing Sunni Muslims.
  • The capital of Somalia is Mogadishu.
  • Related Stories:

  • Adventures in Africa
  • The Republic of Namibia
  • The Straight Goods On Islam
  • More Exciting Places Around the World!
  • 1 Comment

    Related Stories

    F1150916838234

    Which Country is NOT in Africa?

    • Zaire.
    • Egypt.
    • Madagascar.
    • Yemen.

    General In The Forums

    Igiveuponthename
    That's because of our own human nature. We often value ourselves more than anyone else. Everybody affects everybody indirectly. People value progress over everything. One day the world will come crashing down, and with this crumbling and twisted society with it. Want to make a difference? Well, it's not too late to start.
    reply 3 minutes
    Fairkss
    Fairkss posted in Say Anything:
    I really hate how society is built. I really hate how unaccepting people are and how we have gotten this far due to sacrifices and inflicting pain on others. Why do we do this to our own kind? ​We are just destroying ourselves because we are unable to understand why some people do what they do. Why can't we just accept people for how they are? They're heart and their soul. I know the world can't be perfect but honestly right now the world isn't okay. Of course I'm just a kid so whatever I say won't matter but anyways that's just what has been on my mind lately :)
    reply 10 minutes
    IlikeGUYS20
    IlikeGUYS20 posted in Debating:
    "Sophieex_" wrote: Hey guys! So, on many occasions, my mother has always told me this: "Let yourself grow up a little, this is probably just a phase". What does she mean exactly? Well, when I cane out to my parents that I was bisexual, my mother told me that it was probably just a phase, and that I might grow out of it. I've been thinking about my sexuality for a couple years - since I was eleven, to be exact. Sometimes I thought I was straight and other times I thought I was a lesbian. So from this, I just figured I was bi. I also told her I'd like to tell some close friends what I thought. She told me that this info may get leaked to many more people and that they're shun me. I told her that I won't tell this to anyone whom I don't trust, and that I don't care if people shun me for being who I am. People already make fun of me for being biracial (my father is white & my mother is black) so this'll be no different. I told two friends that I was bisexual. Luckily both girls said they'd support me no matter what. My father then came in and said that he didn't want me to come out lest I'd get so much attention that's it'd me a distraction. I understand me dad's point but not my mom's. I love my mother dearly and shall listen to her, but I still get super pissed when adults think that teens' coming out is invalid. What do you think? Tell me I'm the thread posts! :rainbow ❤ Thanks!! :) Have a wonderful day! ❤ @Sophieex_ I have the same problem! I am also bi! Only one of my closest friends know, I feel your pain!!! I created my account when I thought I was straight.
    reply about 1 hour
    ScoobysFriend
    ScoobysFriend posted in Debating:
    She is saying some people get curious, and she probably went through it also
    reply about 1 hour
    RavenClawRaina
    and im not saying its a phase either
    reply about 1 hour