America – The Making Of A Nation :: History Of The American Flag

Jul 01, 2015

Is there another country in the world as proud of its flag as Americans are of the Star-Spangled Banner? An interesting thing about the stars and stripes is how much it has changed over the years – and also how much it has stayed the same. Starting out with just 13 stars and adding more and more until the total count reached 50, the evolution of the American flag tells the history of the entire nation. From New York to Alaska to Hawaii – the flag represents every American on it, somewhere in one of those white, five-pointed stars.

Fremont Flag

In the 1840s, army general John C. Fremont explored widely in the west. He carried a special flag with him that was made by his wife. It featured an eagle from the national crest holding a peace pipe in its talons as a sign to the Native Americans that he wanted to be friendly.

Fremont FlagFremont Flag

The First Confederacy Flag

When the Confederacy seceded in 1861, it adopted the Stars and Bars as its first flag. It featured two red bars with a white bar in the middle, as well as a blue patch with seven white five-pointed stars on it. The seven stars represented the seven original Confederate States: South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana and Texas.

Confederate FlagConfederate Flag

Old Glory

William Driver, a sea captain from Salem, Massachusetts, was awarded a 24-star flag he named Old Glory. When he retired to Nashville, it flew above his home until Tennessee seceded from the Union, at which time he hid the flag. Rebels wanted to destroy Old Glory, but were unsuccessful. When Union troops recaptured Nashville in 1862, the citizens of the city asked Driver to bring the flag out again. He cut open the bedspread where he’d hidden it and climbed to the top of the Capitol to raise Old Glory over the city again.

Timeline Of The Flag

As America changed and grew, so did the number of stars on the official U.S. flag:

  • 1776: Grand Union Flag (red-and-white horizontal stripes and a Union Jack)
  • 1777: Union Jack replaced by 13 stars to represent the states in the original Union
  • 1795: Vermont and Kentucky join the Union (15 stars)
  • 1818: Tennessee, Ohio, Louisiana, Indiana and Mississippi join (20 stars)
  • 1819: Illinois joins (21 stars)
  • 1820: Alabama and Maine join (23 stars)
  • 1822: Missouri joins (24 stars)
  • 1836: Arkansas joins (25 stars)
  • 1837: Michigan joins (26 stars)
  • 1845: Florida joins (27 stars)
  • 1846: Texas joins (28 stars)
  • 1847: Iowa joins (29 stars)
  • 1848: Wisconsin joins (30 stars)
  • 1851: California joins (31 stars)
  • 1858: Minnesota joins (32 stars)
  • 1859: Oregon joins (33 stars)
  • 1861: Kansas joins (34 stars)
  • 1863: West Virginia joins (35 stars)
  • 1865: Nevada joins (36 stars)
  • 1867: Nebraska joins (37 stars)
  • 1877: Colorado joins (38 stars)
  • 1890: North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana, Washington and Idaho join (43 stars)
  • 1891: Wyoming joins (44 stars)
  • 1896: Utah joins (45 stars)
  • 1908: Oklahoma joins (46 stars)
  • 1912: New Mexico and Arizona join (48 stars)
  • 1959: Alaska joins (49 stars)
  • 1960: Hawaii joins (50 stars)

The Making Of The Flag

During the Revolution, the American forces consisted of different colonies, and each colony was used to its own flag. George Washington, leading the American forces, wanted a single flag to unite them all together. He asked a seamstress named Betsy Ross to come up with a design – he even gave her sketch of a flag with 13 stars and 13 stripes on it. Ross liked Washington’s diagram, but rejected his use of six-sided stars. Instead, she showed him how to make a five-sided star with one cut of a single piece of cloth.

Betsy Ross and the first flagBetsy Ross and the first flagCourtesy of

Flying On The Moon

In 1969, the American flag went somewhere no man had ever gone before. When Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin took their first steps on the surface of the moon, the put up a three-by-five foot flag. NASA had invented a special lightweight flagpole with a telescoping horizontal bar to stiffen the flag outward, while wire inside the flag’s nylon fabric made it look like it was flying – even though there’s no wind on the moon.

Related Links:



latest videos


How Many Stars Are on the American Flag?

  • 13.
  • 25.
  • 30.
  • 50.

related stories

Summer is the time for parties! Well, any season is the time for parties really, but summer bring...
There are tons of holidays to celebrate in July, including Canada Day, the Fourth of July in the ...
Flag Day has been a national holiday since 1949. It's time to break out your American flag and fl...
On July 4 Americans celebrate Independence Day. This holiday dates all the way back to 1776, and ...

Random in the forums

rachel_83 posted in Food:
All the famous recipes in each & every country around the world __________________________________________________ I am a foodie I want to travel around the world and tat is one of my dreams. [s:sm3/1jvz]
reply 10 minutes
rachel_83 posted in Food:
I ate a couple of muffins this morning ________________________________ KW is one of the cool places I have ever been  :)  :D
reply 16 minutes
GreenForest23 posted in General:
Banned for been a member on KW 
reply 25 minutes
Tina_Talie posted in General:
Banned because if I gave you money it'd be a lot, but all in coins, so it'd be REALLY heavy.
reply 35 minutes
"NovaHex" wrote: "CountessElectra" wrote: "NovaHex" wrote: It's not unacceptable, it's just frowned upon. See, when you have a grown man drawing dirty pics of him and ponies in art sites, & then making extremely cringe-y pics about ponies, it's starts getting annoying. Sure, it's a somewhat creative show (which is why I liked it when I was 9), but other than that, it sucks. I've tried to understand why people love this show, but it seems no one will say anything other than, "it's a nice show" to me when I ask.   That's a good answer, but what would you say about Pegasisters? Before I'm made a fully fledged one (by myself), have you any words of wisdom? Imma just sum it up in one sentence: Don't be weird.  No need to be rude! I'M NOT WEIRD. THAT IS THE PERSON I WANT TO BE AND I WILL BE THAT PERSON! 
reply about 2 hours

play online games