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Egypt - Dissecting Mummies

When you hear about a Mummy do you think about some stiff-legged, skeleton wrapped in loose cloth trying to seek revenge? Or maybe you think of young King Tut laid out in his golden tomb. Whatever the case, these shriveled, icky looking bodies go back a long way.

What is a Mummy?

A mummy is a very old, dead body. It's not a skeleton or a fossil cuz some soft tissue (skin, organs and muscles) is still stuck on the bones. This mummification can happen on purpose or by accident. Some of the world's best-known mummies were accidentally created when a body was put in a place where no air or moisture could get to it. Lack of air and moisture delays the decaying process and mummifies the body. Bodies can be dried in the sun, with fire or smoke, or by freezing it.

Master Mummy Makers

Egyptians weren't the first or the last to create mummies but they were probably the best known for them. This might have more to do with their very hot climate than their skill. Desert winds and scorching hot sand would quickly dry out a dead body. In fact, one of the oldest Egyptian mummies (from about 3500 B.C). might have been created this way. Back then, if you wanted your body mummified by the pros it would have cost an arm and a leg, or your weight in gold.

How to Make a Mummy - Step One

It takes 70 days to make a well preserved mummy. First, internal parts of the body have to be removed. Take a special hooked tool - it looks like a crochet needle - and carefully put it up the nose and scoop out brain tissue. Then make a cut on the left side of the stomach and remove stomach and chest organs. The heart stays where it is but the stomach, liver, lungs and intestines are put in special boxes or jars, known as canopic jars. These jars go in the tomb with the body.

How to Make a Mummy - Step Two

Next, all the moisture must be taken out of the body. Cover the body with natron, a salt that works great for this process, and put natron packets inside the body. When the body is dried out completely, remove all the natron. The body will look like a blackened dried out human. Fill sunken parts of the body with linen and add false eyes.

How to Make a Mummy - Step Three

Now it's time to wrap the body. You'll need about 150 yards of linen - the length of one and a half football fields. Use long strips of the linen to carefully wrap the body. This might take up to 15 days. Fingers and toes can be wrapped individually, but they don't have to be. In between layers put warm sticky stuff like pitch or tree sap on the linen. You might also want to add good luck charms and jewelry. When this is done, the mummy is complete.

The Afterlife

Egyptians believed that mummifying a person's body after he or she died was an important part of a person's safe passage to the afterlife. The tomb was also prepared for this journey. Furniture, food, wall paintings, statues and, of course, jewelry were buried with the body. A mask was put over the face so the soul would recognize the body when it returned to Earth. Between the fourth and seventh century A.D. many Egyptians became Christians so they stopped making mummies. During the 3000 year mummy-making period it is thought that more than 70 million mummies were made in Egypt. Thanks to vandals, grave robbers and treasure hunters, most of them will never be found.

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If You Were a Mummy, Why Would You Come Back?

  • For love.
  • For revenge.
  • To bring more clothes to the afterlife.
  • To scare people.

General In The Forums

Mermaid_Author14
I'm sad to see you leaving so soon, especially because we have only been friends for a little while.  I didn't know your birthday was coming up so quickly, or that you were going to be 18! I have lots of things to say about you (all good things), but it'll be hard to name them all. I just want you to know that it's not about how long you've been here, it's about the memories that last a lifetime. I hope you have a happy birthday and a great trip!
reply about 3 hours
AnnaOfExquizurd
" In the vast, deep forest of Hyrule… long have I served as the guardian spirit… I am known as the Deku Tree. The children of the forest, the Kokiri, live here with me. Each Kokiri has his or her own guardian fairy. However, there is one boy who does not have a fairy…. " *** In his tree-trunk home, the boy was tossing and turning on his little cot. The circular room was dark; it was nighttime. And, as it was nighttime again, his young mind was plunged into the same nightmare again.... Hooves, galloping in a rapid staccato, like a myriad of drums being pounded, raced across a dark path lit on either side by fire as tall as the boy. But they only reached the shoulders of the horse as dark as midnight, its master clothed in cloth and armor just as dark. But that wasn't what was scary... it was the aura of evil practically dripping off the man, with his fiery hair and dark, nearly-green skin.... And how real he felt. *** "...Navi... Navi, where art thou? Come hither...." Back in my clearing, a cyan ball of light entered my line of sight, gently bobbing a few feet off of the ground. A pair of barely visible clear wings were the only indicator that she was facing me. Compared to my massive size, she was almost a speck. " Oh, Navi the fairy... listen to my words, the words of the Deku Tree.... Dost thou sense it? The climate of evil descending upon this realm.... Malevolent forces even now are mustering to attack our land of Hyrule.... For so long, the Kokiri Forest, the source of life, has stood a barrier, deterring outsiders and maintaining the order of the world.... But, before this tremendous evil power, my power is as nothing.... It seems the time has come for the boy without a fairy to begin his journey... the youth whose destiny it is to lead Hyrule to the path of justice and truth.... Navi, go now! Find our young friend and guide him to me... I do not Have much time left. Fly, Navi, fly! The fate of the forest--nay, the world--depends upon thee. "
reply about 9 hours
AnnaOfExquizurd
So, this is a story version of the game  The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time  that I'm writing for (a) fun and (b) one of my friends who is interested in it, but can't play it. Some of the characters' words will be direct quotes, and some won't. I'm going to try and make it as exact to the game as possible. I'll have direct quotes pointed out like this: " Hey, listen! " And more paraphrased things will be formatted regularly. So, sit back, relax, and enjoy the story--coming up in the next post! I DO NOT CLAIM ANY PART OF THIS STORY--CHARACTERS, PLOT, LORE, AND EVERYTHING BESIDES THE FACT I DESCRIBED IT--AS MINE. ALL CHARACTERS, LORE, AND EVERY BIT OF THE PLOT BELONGS TO NINTENDO. I MERELY DESCRIBED IT AND AM DOING THIS FOR A FRIEND.
reply about 10 hours
Mew2_
Mew2_ posted in Random:
Basically you drink water and can't use the bathroom. there are many rules and different ways to play. But this is what it boils down to. let me know if you ever have played this game before, or anything like it.
reply about 10 hours
Tennis123
Tennis123 posted in Debating:
i want to try to bring this forum back to life. but i would like to point out that if you say that because "X" its ok to kill animals, then if that same thing was present in a human, it would be morally justified to kill them. if choose that we can kill animals because of something but not humans for the exact same reason, then thats a double standard and logically inconsistant.
reply about 11 hours