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Egypt - Dissecting Mummies

When you hear about a Mummy do you think about some stiff-legged, skeleton wrapped in loose cloth trying to seek revenge? Or maybe you think of young King Tut laid out in his golden tomb. Whatever the case, these shriveled, icky looking bodies go back a long way.

What is a Mummy?

A mummy is a very old, dead body. It's not a skeleton or a fossil cuz some soft tissue (skin, organs and muscles) is still stuck on the bones. This mummification can happen on purpose or by accident. Some of the world's best-known mummies were accidentally created when a body was put in a place where no air or moisture could get to it. Lack of air and moisture delays the decaying process and mummifies the body. Bodies can be dried in the sun, with fire or smoke, or by freezing it.

Master Mummy Makers

Egyptians weren't the first or the last to create mummies but they were probably the best known for them. This might have more to do with their very hot climate than their skill. Desert winds and scorching hot sand would quickly dry out a dead body. In fact, one of the oldest Egyptian mummies (from about 3500 B.C). might have been created this way. Back then, if you wanted your body mummified by the pros it would have cost an arm and a leg, or your weight in gold.

How to Make a Mummy - Step One

It takes 70 days to make a well preserved mummy. First, internal parts of the body have to be removed. Take a special hooked tool - it looks like a crochet needle - and carefully put it up the nose and scoop out brain tissue. Then make a cut on the left side of the stomach and remove stomach and chest organs. The heart stays where it is but the stomach, liver, lungs and intestines are put in special boxes or jars, known as canopic jars. These jars go in the tomb with the body.

How to Make a Mummy - Step Two

Next, all the moisture must be taken out of the body. Cover the body with natron, a salt that works great for this process, and put natron packets inside the body. When the body is dried out completely, remove all the natron. The body will look like a blackened dried out human. Fill sunken parts of the body with linen and add false eyes.

How to Make a Mummy - Step Three

Now it's time to wrap the body. You'll need about 150 yards of linen - the length of one and a half football fields. Use long strips of the linen to carefully wrap the body. This might take up to 15 days. Fingers and toes can be wrapped individually, but they don't have to be. In between layers put warm sticky stuff like pitch or tree sap on the linen. You might also want to add good luck charms and jewelry. When this is done, the mummy is complete.

The Afterlife

Egyptians believed that mummifying a person's body after he or she died was an important part of a person's safe passage to the afterlife. The tomb was also prepared for this journey. Furniture, food, wall paintings, statues and, of course, jewelry were buried with the body. A mask was put over the face so the soul would recognize the body when it returned to Earth. Between the fourth and seventh century A.D. many Egyptians became Christians so they stopped making mummies. During the 3000 year mummy-making period it is thought that more than 70 million mummies were made in Egypt. Thanks to vandals, grave robbers and treasure hunters, most of them will never be found.

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If You Were a Mummy, Why Would You Come Back?

  • For love.
  • For revenge.
  • To bring more clothes to the afterlife.
  • To scare people.

Random In The Forums

tbhskylas posted in Debating:
That i not the point. do you have a sister or brother. If you don't imagine you do. Then someone came up and cut there spinal cord. How would you feel? And if the mother doesn't want the child then she can give it up. And if they cant afford the cost of a new life(Which does make sense by the way)Then they can get help, go back to school or get a job. This isn't like they have no choice. They do.
reply 4 minutes
"tbhskylas" wrote: "Wishyouweremehehe" wrote: "AlphaT" wrote: "Wishyouweremehehe" wrote: women should have a right to choose an abortion up until the term in its pregnancy when it can actually sense itself which is about 6 months old, and guess what you cant actually abort a baby after 6 months in clinics so its not a big deal 1. What does it mean to sense oneself?  2. Why is self awareness the difference between life and death?  ​Since the baby isn't fully developed at that point it can not feel, learn, think, remember etc. so aborting it up until that point is completely harmless cause the baby has yet to know anything its basically just a wad of cells like a tumor till about 6 months in term. Aborting a baby in those months is literally like throwing away an egg and a ##### that happened to grow, and for some people that's a better option, in the United States thousands of people go bankrupt from medical bills including bills for child birth (which is ridiculous I don't think anyone should be charged for giving birth, thank god for canada's medical system) and that can put the mother out on the street homeless with a baby. Having a baby isn't a good option for everyone, think about girls in school or college who get ##### or whose partner convinces them not to use protection and then run out on them? The responsibility of caring for that child is forced upon the mother who typically doesn't have the funds or means to raise a child. And don't say "if they didnt want a baby they should have used protection or birth control, cause some time their partners are sleezeballs or they both forget or they are #####, and birth control is expensive and messes with you bodies hormones. And what about Mothers who just don't want that stress on their body? Cause birth is painful and exhausting and it can physically change a person. And what of the girls who it would possibly die when giving birth ? I strongly believe that no one should be able to force a person to something with their own body that they don't want to, now I don't exactly recommend abortion but I believe a woman would know when its a good time or not for her to have a baby. If a man can walk out of a pregnancy so can a woman. You just dont get it do you? Even though it cant feel or see that thing is still living. It is alive. It hiccups it burps twins play with each other. Its still there so that is exactly like killing a week year old baby. You are killing a life. That is not ok in ANYONES BOOK. or at least it shouldn't be. Technically by your standards we should all be in prison and ashamed of ourselves cause we stepped on an ant or ladybug, or because someone got treated for cancer because hey tumors are living they are LIFE.
reply 10 minutes
Ame-Alpha posted in Debating:
Omigosh Yes @Jordan08 i love what you post!  :)
reply 17 minutes
Honestly both suck, but i would definitely choose Hilary cause she stands for gun control and women's rights. Now i know alot of you Americans want your guns "for your protection" but is it really safe if just everyone can have one? Canadas gun laws are alot more strict and guess what our klast mass shooting was like 7 years ago and hardly as many people died in comparison as most of the shootings in the states. I already made my point about abortion up above, so yes i definitely think she's a better choice for the states even though shes not perfect but what politician is? Literally every politician is shady and has something they are hiding, and the FBI looked into her em**ls and found nothing, her deleting em*#ls means nothing what so ever, even if she deleted them they would still be on a server which the FBI would be able access yet they came up with nothing, yet there is viable proof that Donald Trump is a liar, racist, cheater, sexist, tax evader(he makes over a million each year and he avoids his taxes that means you either have to pay more taxes or your roads don't get fixed, your schools don't get funding, medical research gets less funding, military gets less and so on), he buys out from china, and he sides with Putin. This man is gonna end up with a world war on his hands if he wins because I bet he will sell out to the Russians in a heart beat because he is greedy.
reply 17 minutes
What if they were r*ped? They would have to have a baby. They should have a right to remove the fetus. Men should not choose what women do, and women should have the right to be able to control her baby. We do give the birth after all!!
reply 26 minutes