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Egypt - Dissecting Mummies

When you hear about a Mummy do you think about some stiff-legged, skeleton wrapped in loose cloth trying to seek revenge? Or maybe you think of young King Tut laid out in his golden tomb. Whatever the case, these shriveled, icky looking bodies go back a long way.

What is a Mummy?

A mummy is a very old, dead body. It's not a skeleton or a fossil cuz some soft tissue (skin, organs and muscles) is still stuck on the bones. This mummification can happen on purpose or by accident. Some of the world's best-known mummies were accidentally created when a body was put in a place where no air or moisture could get to it. Lack of air and moisture delays the decaying process and mummifies the body. Bodies can be dried in the sun, with fire or smoke, or by freezing it.

Master Mummy Makers

Egyptians weren't the first or the last to create mummies but they were probably the best known for them. This might have more to do with their very hot climate than their skill. Desert winds and scorching hot sand would quickly dry out a dead body. In fact, one of the oldest Egyptian mummies (from about 3500 B.C). might have been created this way. Back then, if you wanted your body mummified by the pros it would have cost an arm and a leg, or your weight in gold.

How to Make a Mummy - Step One

It takes 70 days to make a well preserved mummy. First, internal parts of the body have to be removed. Take a special hooked tool - it looks like a crochet needle - and carefully put it up the nose and scoop out brain tissue. Then make a cut on the left side of the stomach and remove stomach and chest organs. The heart stays where it is but the stomach, liver, lungs and intestines are put in special boxes or jars, known as canopic jars. These jars go in the tomb with the body.

How to Make a Mummy - Step Two

Next, all the moisture must be taken out of the body. Cover the body with natron, a salt that works great for this process, and put natron packets inside the body. When the body is dried out completely, remove all the natron. The body will look like a blackened dried out human. Fill sunken parts of the body with linen and add false eyes.

How to Make a Mummy - Step Three

Now it's time to wrap the body. You'll need about 150 yards of linen - the length of one and a half football fields. Use long strips of the linen to carefully wrap the body. This might take up to 15 days. Fingers and toes can be wrapped individually, but they don't have to be. In between layers put warm sticky stuff like pitch or tree sap on the linen. You might also want to add good luck charms and jewelry. When this is done, the mummy is complete.

The Afterlife

Egyptians believed that mummifying a person's body after he or she died was an important part of a person's safe passage to the afterlife. The tomb was also prepared for this journey. Furniture, food, wall paintings, statues and, of course, jewelry were buried with the body. A mask was put over the face so the soul would recognize the body when it returned to Earth. Between the fourth and seventh century A.D. many Egyptians became Christians so they stopped making mummies. During the 3000 year mummy-making period it is thought that more than 70 million mummies were made in Egypt. Thanks to vandals, grave robbers and treasure hunters, most of them will never be found.

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If You Were a Mummy, Why Would You Come Back?

  • For love.
  • For revenge.
  • To bring more clothes to the afterlife.
  • To scare people.

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MirandaPanda205
July 9th
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IlikeGUYS20
"jordand08" wrote:December When???? Mines the tenth!!!
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simran88
simran88 posted in Say Anything:
@AlphaT  You've posted on behalf of everyone else. In their style. XD Now no one needs to post. God bless you for ending a thread in which everyone would post the same opinion and say the same thing. XD
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ThePaleWalker636
I found the greatest riddle ever (credits to Ted-Ed), and I want to see if anyone can solve it without looking up the answer. THE RIDDLE OF THE ALIEN OVERLORDS. You and your team have crashed-landed on an ancient planet. The only way off is to appease its three alien overlords, TEE, EFF, and ARR, by giving them the correct artifacts. Unfortunately, you don't know who is who. From an inscription, you learn that you may ask three yes or no questions, each addresses to any one lord. Tee's answers are always true. Eff's answers are always false.  And Arr's answers are random. But, there's a problem. You've deciphered the language enough to ask any question, but you don't know which of the two words 'ozo' and 'ulu' means yes, and which means no. How can you still figure out which alien is which?
reply about 11 hours
CRCardinal
Fear: The Emotion of Death   You can't see me, But I'm there. I'm in your tears, I'm everywhere. I stalk you in your shadow, So stealthy and no slack. I'm made of dark matter, You better watch your back. You can hear me, I'm your beating heart. Inside is emptiness, Tearing you apart. You shiver and shake, At the sound of my name. I engulf you, drown you, Surround you with shame.   I've seen destruction, More than anyone. I'm darker than, The world with no sun. The agony arises, There's so much red. Most of it coming, From the dead. I become your shadow, I'm a terrible sight. And when you see me, You're frozen with fright. I'll grab you by your neck, You'll be thrashing around. You're crying, shrieking, Until there's no sound.   I feel so sad, So empty, so. . . Alone. So you'll feel the same, You'll be on your own. And as long as you are with me, At the point of no return. You will go crazy. You'll crash and burn.   Then you understand, With your slowing of breath. That I am Fear, The Emotion of Death.
reply about 13 hours