-
x

Meet New Friends!

Recommended friends are based on your interests. Make sure they are up to date.

Friends ff8c072dd79a91c1300f032d674241a8d64367100ffb1f25fa3f9bec4a05319f
Kidzworld Logo

All About South Africa

Jun 08, 2010

Seeing as the 2010 FIFA World Cup happened in South Africa, we thought it’d be cool to learn a bit more about the beautiful country, which has definitely been through its fair share of tough times.

South African KidsSouth African Kids

Of all the countries on the continent of Africa, South Africa’s the most diverse in terms of its territory. It ranges from rolling hills to wide open savannah to the Kalahari Desert to the high peaks of the Drakensberg Mountains. Lots of people visit South Africa to go on safari, though, since it’s got two of the world’s most famous wildlife reserves: the Kruger and the Kalahari Gemsbok National Parks.

Map of South AfricaMap of South Africa

Early History

South Africa is a beautiful country. Cape Town, the oldest port in southern Africa, is considered one of the most gorgeous cities in the world. Unfortunately, the country has an ugly history of racial inequality. If we go waaay back in African history to the 1400s and earlier, South Africa was the territory of ancient African tribes like the Zulu and Xhosa tribes. But when Europeans like the Dutch came to settle in the country in the mid-1600s, things started to change.

A couple hundred years later, when gold was discovered in South Africa by the British, wars broke out between different European settlers who wanted to gain control of the country for themselves. Eventually, the Brits came out on top. Then, in 1910, South Africa regained its independence from Britain. But the problems, it seems, had only just begun.

Apartheid

Apartheid in South AfricaApartheid in South Africa

 


In 1948, Apartheid was introduced to South Africa: a set of laws that legally and physically separated different racial groups from each other. Basically, Apartheid meant that racial discrimination between whites and blacks was officially a part of the country’s laws. White people and black people couldn’t get married. There were certain jobs that only white people could be hired to do. Black people were forced to carry “pass books” with their fingerprints, photo and information if they wanted to enter into areas that were considered “non-black.”

Apartheid in South AfricaApartheid in South Africa

Nelson Mandela

In 1918, a boy named Rolihlala Mandela was born in South Africa. He became known as Nelson when one of his teachers gave him that name. Nelson lived during the time of Apartheid, and as he grew up, he became more and more involved in groups and movement that wanted to bring change to the country of South Africa. This made him a very dangerous man in the eyes of the politicians who were working to ensure racial segregation laws remained in place.

Nelson MandelaNelson Mandela

Eventually, Nelson Mandela was arrested and given a life sentence in jail when he was accused of trying to overthrow the government by violence. For nearly 30 years he was held in prison, where he became an international symbol of resistance to Apartheid. Finally, in 1990, Nelson was released due to pressure on the government. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize and, when South Africa held its first multi-racial election in 1994, he became the country’s first black president.

Nelson Mandela FreedNelson Mandela Freed

Nelson Mandela continues to support a variety of causes, particularly the fight against HIV-Aids. In 2004, he announced he would be retiring from public life and his public appearances have become less and less frequent. In 2007, a permanent statue to Nelson was unveiled in Parliament Square, London.

Nelson Mandela StatueNelson Mandela Statue

Safari

South Africa is home to hundreds and thousands of species of wildlife, big and small. There are too many to mention at once, so we thought we’d give you an overview of the country’s “Big Five!”

  • Buffalo: They’re extremely dangerous and aggressive animals, but buffalo really like each other! They graze in herds of thousands and fights rarely break out among them!
  • Elephant: Who doesn’t love an elephant?! They’re very smart and very social; they live in herds that are led by a matriarch (the oldest female in the group); and they live for between 5- and 60 years!
  • Leopard: It’s very rare to spot a leopard! They’re highly elusive and usually keep to themselves. Hunting at night and staying in secluded spots during the day, including high up in the branches of trees!
  • Lion: Kings of the jungle! Lions are the most powerful African predators – they’re very strong, very tough and very fast. They’re also the most social type of cat, living in prides of up to 20 lions. Prides are led by the dominant male, but it’s the females that do all the hunting.
  • Rhinoceros: There are two types of rhino: black rhinos and white rhinos. Both are very aggressive and very territorial. When a rhino charges, it snorts air through its nose and kicks and stamps the ground with its feet. They may not be able to see very well, but rhinos can smell and hear an intruder coming from miles away!

Quick Facts

  • South Africa is almost twice as big as Texas and three times the size of California.
  • The country has 11 official languages. Nine are native African, one is English and the last is Afrikaans, a language developed by the region's early Dutch settlers.
  • There is one TV set for every eight people in South Africa. In the U.S. there are four TV sets for every five people.
  • Almost 40 percent of the gold mined on Earth has come from South Africa. Scientists estimate that gold deposits there are 3 billion years old.
  • South Africa has one of the world's great wildlife sanctuaries. It's called Kruger National Park and roaming free through the park are more than 500 different types of birds and 147 different mammals, including lions, leopards, elephants, water buffaloes and rhinos.
  • Because it's below the equator, South Africa's summers begin in September and last until April. Daytime temperatures during the summer range from the 60's to the 90's. The nicest weather is usually in April and May.
  • South Africa has an official national holiday called Youth Day. It's celebrated on June 16.
  • African culture emphasizes the philosophy of “ubuntu”. This means that all people should be treated with respect and dignity, because a person becomes a person through other people.
  • He's most famous as the nonviolent leader of India's fight for independence, but Mahatma Gandhi first made his reputation as protest leader for the rights of Indians living in South Africa.
  • From 1948 until 1994 the South African government enforced an official policy of apartheid. This not only made it a law for the races to stay separate, but it also allowed the white minority, although outnumbered 4 to 1 to control the country.
Related Stories:

 

31 Comments

Related Stories

Micro s micro
Every 4 years the most anticipated sporting event brings together the world for FIFA’s World Cup....
Micro africa micro
Africa is a huge continent that’s made up of many different habitats, including sand, rock, water...
Brangelina may have hunkered down there to have their baby, but Namibia is much more than ...
F1150916838234

Which Country is NOT in Africa?

  • Zaire.
  • Egypt.
  • Madagascar.
  • Yemen.

General In The Forums

Arabiakiss
Arabiakiss posted in Random:
Dear Kenzie,I know i know this is such a cheesy forum but i had to make it cause your one of the most trustworty people in KW ever. I love you so much...youve alwyas been there for me.....and never judged me....Kenzie there should be more people like you. And dont stress over that boy...if he likes you,,,hed contact you....but you know what i say....staying single is best...but ur kenzie..the most beautiful gurl ever so go and find a boy if you want..but remeber,ill always be here for you. I love you so much you gorgeous gurl....even if i am jealous of you. I care bout you and want you to tell me if someone ever upsets you.Love ArabiaPS. KENZIE YOU ARE AWESOME ILY
reply 1 minute
Arabiakiss
Arabiakiss posted in Random:
Hey guys im Arabia......and well i made a forum bout my bff ever kenzie.
reply 4 minutes
zapsap
zapsap posted in Say Anything:
Or any language really. Hopefully Japanese or Korean though because those are the ones I'm most interested in. Bonus points if you're into the pop culture around either. (☞゚∀゚)☞ I've been looking for some study/practice buddies or someone to relate about self-study, or I could help you learn if you need help (mostly for Japanese because my Korean is very beginner). I could even do Japanese lessons if anybody wants them. (ง ͠° ͟ل͜ ͡°)ง
reply 38 minutes
hahh12
hahh12 posted in Say Anything:
11:47 AM
reply about 4 hours
RawrImacat
RawrImacat posted in Food:
Pizza, and I'm about to go eat some more tbh
reply about 5 hours