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All About South Africa

Jun 08, 2010

Seeing as the 2010 FIFA World Cup happened in South Africa, we thought it’d be cool to learn a bit more about the beautiful country, which has definitely been through its fair share of tough times.

South AfricaSouth African Kids

Of all the countries on the continent of Africa, South Africa’s the most diverse in terms of its territory. It ranges from rolling hills to wide open savannah to the Kalahari Desert to the high peaks of the Drakensberg Mountains. Lots of people visit South Africa to go on safari, though, since it’s got two of the world’s most famous wildlife reserves: the Kruger and the Kalahari Gemsbok National Parks.

Map of South AfricaMap of South Africa

Early History

South Africa is a beautiful country. Cape Town, the oldest port in southern Africa, is considered one of the most gorgeous cities in the world. Unfortunately, the country has an ugly history of racial inequality. If we go waaay back in African history to the 1400s and earlier, South Africa was the territory of ancient African tribes like the Zulu and Xhosa tribes. But when Europeans like the Dutch came to settle in the country in the mid-1600s, things started to change.

A couple hundred years later, when gold was discovered in South Africa by the British, wars broke out between different European settlers who wanted to gain control of the country for themselves. Eventually, the Brits came out on top. Then, in 1910, South Africa regained its independence from Britain. But the problems, it seems, had only just begun.


Apartheid in South AfricaApartheid in South Africa


In 1948, Apartheid was introduced to South Africa: a set of laws that legally and physically separated different racial groups from each other. Basically, Apartheid meant that racial discrimination between whites and blacks was officially a part of the country’s laws. White people and black people couldn’t get married. There were certain jobs that only white people could be hired to do. Black people were forced to carry “pass books” with their fingerprints, photo and information if they wanted to enter into areas that were considered “non-black.”

Apartheid in South AfricaApartheid in South Africa

Nelson Mandela

In 1918, a boy named Rolihlala Mandela was born in South Africa. He became known as Nelson when one of his teachers gave him that name. Nelson lived during the time of Apartheid, and as he grew up, he became more and more involved in groups and movement that wanted to bring change to the country of South Africa. This made him a very dangerous man in the eyes of the politicians who were working to ensure racial segregation laws remained in place.

Nelson MandelaNelson Mandela

Eventually, Nelson Mandela was arrested and given a life sentence in jail when he was accused of trying to overthrow the government by violence. For nearly 30 years he was held in prison, where he became an international symbol of resistance to Apartheid. Finally, in 1990, Nelson was released due to pressure on the government. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize and, when South Africa held its first multi-racial election in 1994, he became the country’s first black president.

Nelson Mandela FreedNelson Mandela Freed

Nelson Mandela continues to support a variety of causes, particularly the fight against HIV-Aids. In 2004, he announced he would be retiring from public life and his public appearances have become less and less frequent. In 2007, a permanent statue to Nelson was unveiled in Parliament Square, London.

Nelson Mandela StatueNelson Mandela Statue


South Africa is home to hundreds and thousands of species of wildlife, big and small. There are too many to mention at once, so we thought we’d give you an overview of the country’s “Big Five!”

  • Buffalo: They’re extremely dangerous and aggressive animals, but buffalo really like each other! They graze in herds of thousands and fights rarely break out among them!
  • Elephant: Who doesn’t love an elephant?! They’re very smart and very social; they live in herds that are led by a matriarch (the oldest female in the group); and they live for between 5- and 60 years!
  • Leopard: It’s very rare to spot a leopard! They’re highly elusive and usually keep to themselves. Hunting at night and staying in secluded spots during the day, including high up in the branches of trees!
  • Lion: Kings of the jungle! Lions are the most powerful African predators – they’re very strong, very tough and very fast. They’re also the most social type of cat, living in prides of up to 20 lions. Prides are led by the dominant male, but it’s the females that do all the hunting.
  • Rhinoceros: There are two types of rhino: black rhinos and white rhinos. Both are very aggressive and very territorial. When a rhino charges, it snorts air through its nose and kicks and stamps the ground with its feet. They may not be able to see very well, but rhinos can smell and hear an intruder coming from miles away!

Quick Facts

  • South Africa is almost twice as big as Texas and three times the size of California.
  • The country has 11 official languages. Nine are native African, one is English and the last is Afrikaans, a language developed by the region's early Dutch settlers.
  • There is one TV set for every eight people in South Africa. In the U.S. there are four TV sets for every five people.
  • Almost 40 percent of the gold mined on Earth has come from South Africa. Scientists estimate that gold deposits there are 3 billion years old.
  • South Africa has one of the world's great wildlife sanctuaries. It's called Kruger National Park and roaming free through the park are more than 500 different types of birds and 147 different mammals, including lions, leopards, elephants, water buffaloes and rhinos.
  • Because it's below the equator, South Africa's summers begin in September and last until April. Daytime temperatures during the summer range from the 60's to the 90's. The nicest weather is usually in April and May.
  • South Africa has an official national holiday called Youth Day. It's celebrated on June 16.
  • African culture emphasizes the philosophy of “ubuntu”. This means that all people should be treated with respect and dignity, because a person becomes a person through other people.
  • He's most famous as the nonviolent leader of India's fight for independence, but Mahatma Gandhi first made his reputation as protest leader for the rights of Indians living in South Africa.
  • From 1948 until 1994 the South African government enforced an official policy of apartheid. This not only made it a law for the races to stay separate, but it also allowed the white minority, although outnumbered 4 to 1 to control the country.
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Random In The Forums

tbhskylas posted in Debating:
That i not the point. do you have a sister or brother. If you don't imagine you do. Then someone came up and cut there spinal cord. How would you feel? And if the mother doesn't want the child then she can give it up. And if they cant afford the cost of a new life(Which does make sense by the way)Then they can get help, go back to school or get a job. This isn't like they have no choice. They do.
reply 4 minutes
"tbhskylas" wrote: "Wishyouweremehehe" wrote: "AlphaT" wrote: "Wishyouweremehehe" wrote: women should have a right to choose an abortion up until the term in its pregnancy when it can actually sense itself which is about 6 months old, and guess what you cant actually abort a baby after 6 months in clinics so its not a big deal 1. What does it mean to sense oneself?  2. Why is self awareness the difference between life and death?  ​Since the baby isn't fully developed at that point it can not feel, learn, think, remember etc. so aborting it up until that point is completely harmless cause the baby has yet to know anything its basically just a wad of cells like a tumor till about 6 months in term. Aborting a baby in those months is literally like throwing away an egg and a ##### that happened to grow, and for some people that's a better option, in the United States thousands of people go bankrupt from medical bills including bills for child birth (which is ridiculous I don't think anyone should be charged for giving birth, thank god for canada's medical system) and that can put the mother out on the street homeless with a baby. Having a baby isn't a good option for everyone, think about girls in school or college who get ##### or whose partner convinces them not to use protection and then run out on them? The responsibility of caring for that child is forced upon the mother who typically doesn't have the funds or means to raise a child. And don't say "if they didnt want a baby they should have used protection or birth control, cause some time their partners are sleezeballs or they both forget or they are #####, and birth control is expensive and messes with you bodies hormones. And what about Mothers who just don't want that stress on their body? Cause birth is painful and exhausting and it can physically change a person. And what of the girls who it would possibly die when giving birth ? I strongly believe that no one should be able to force a person to something with their own body that they don't want to, now I don't exactly recommend abortion but I believe a woman would know when its a good time or not for her to have a baby. If a man can walk out of a pregnancy so can a woman. You just dont get it do you? Even though it cant feel or see that thing is still living. It is alive. It hiccups it burps twins play with each other. Its still there so that is exactly like killing a week year old baby. You are killing a life. That is not ok in ANYONES BOOK. or at least it shouldn't be. Technically by your standards we should all be in prison and ashamed of ourselves cause we stepped on an ant or ladybug, or because someone got treated for cancer because hey tumors are living they are LIFE.
reply 10 minutes
Ame-Alpha posted in Debating:
Omigosh Yes @Jordan08 i love what you post!  :)
reply 17 minutes
Honestly both suck, but i would definitely choose Hilary cause she stands for gun control and women's rights. Now i know alot of you Americans want your guns "for your protection" but is it really safe if just everyone can have one? Canadas gun laws are alot more strict and guess what our klast mass shooting was like 7 years ago and hardly as many people died in comparison as most of the shootings in the states. I already made my point about abortion up above, so yes i definitely think she's a better choice for the states even though shes not perfect but what politician is? Literally every politician is shady and has something they are hiding, and the FBI looked into her em**ls and found nothing, her deleting em*#ls means nothing what so ever, even if she deleted them they would still be on a server which the FBI would be able access yet they came up with nothing, yet there is viable proof that Donald Trump is a liar, racist, cheater, sexist, tax evader(he makes over a million each year and he avoids his taxes that means you either have to pay more taxes or your roads don't get fixed, your schools don't get funding, medical research gets less funding, military gets less and so on), he buys out from china, and he sides with Putin. This man is gonna end up with a world war on his hands if he wins because I bet he will sell out to the Russians in a heart beat because he is greedy.
reply 17 minutes
What if they were r*ped? They would have to have a baby. They should have a right to remove the fetus. Men should not choose what women do, and women should have the right to be able to control her baby. We do give the birth after all!!
reply 26 minutes