History of Afghanistan

You can't get away from hearing about Afghanistan. Turn on the TV, the radio, open a newspaper and it's Afghanistan this, Afghanistan that. In case you're not sure what to believe about this country, here are the simple facts. No mumbo jumbo.

Famous Afghans

Meena: Born in the capital city of Kabul, she is only known by her first name. Meena left university in the 1970s to organize and educate women. She founded the Revolutionary Association of the Women of Afghanistan (RAWA), created a bilingual magazine that advocated women's rights, established schools for refugee children, started a women's hospital and a center in Pakistan where women could sell crafts to support themselves. Meena was assassinated in Quetta, Pakistan in 1987. She was 30.
Khushal Khan Khattak: Khushal Khan Khattak was born in 1613. He was a famous Afghan warrior, poet and tribal chief of the Khatak tribe. He was kept prisoner in the Gwaliar fortress in Delhi. When he was allowed to return home to Peshawar, he persuaded the Afghans to fight the Mongols who had invaded their land. He died in 1690. His grave says, "I have taken up the sword to defend the pride of the Afghan, I am Khushal Khattak, the honorable man of the age."
Osama Bin Laden: This stinkin' rich businessman was actually born in Saudi Arabia (to one of that country's wealthiest families) and not in Afghanistan. The US managed to get him exiled from his home country and right now he's thought to be hiding out in Afghanistan. He's wanted by the FBI for organizing the September 11th terrorist attacks.

A Brief History od Afghanistan

Afghanistan has been at war for hundreds of years. The country was first invaded by Asians about 1500 B.C. and then by the Persians. Alexander the Great conquered most of Afghanistan about 330 B.C. Since then, Arab Muslims, Mongols, the United Kingdom and Russia have all fought for control of the country. In 1919, the British bowed out and Afghanistan became independent.

In the late 1970s came invasion by the Soviet Union but it wasn't long before the locals rebelled - they didn't like the communistic policies. The Soviet Union sent in thousands of troops to battle it out with the rebels who called themselves mujaheddin, which means holy warriors. The Soviets had better equipment but the mujaheddin was supported and armed by the United States. In 1988, the Soviet troops began retreating from Afghanistan. Eventually, the mujaheddin overthrew the government. Several different coalitions began governing the country but they fought amongst themselves so things weren't stable.

Who Are the Taliban?

By the late 1990s, a group of fundamentalist Islamic fighters called the Taliban had taken control of most of Afghanistan. The Taliban ("talib" is Pashto for 'religious student' or 'seeker of knowledge') were backed by Pakistan when they walked into Kabul, the capital of Afghanistan. They executed the former communist president and hung his body up for everyone to see. The Taliban controlled more than 90 percent of Afghanistan until the United States removed them from power in 2002, following the September 11th terrorist attacks.

Afghan Critters

Five-toed Dwarf Jerboa: Picture a gerbil. Now put really long hind legs on that gerbil and you have a five-toed jerboa. Jerboas are not related to gerbils but they look a lot like them. These fuzzy, hopping guys are rodents that live in dry, almost desert-like regions.
Ibex: This animal is kind of like a goat but is larger and the horns are much longer. The horns can grow as long as three feet (almost one meter) and are nicely curved with several rings or ridges. If you're a Capricorn or know someone who is, look up the sign. The goat looks like an ibex.
Marbled Polecat: This small mammal belongs to the weasel family. It eats mice, rats and other rodents, fish, reptiles, insects and fruit. It usually lives alone in an underground burrow. Don't frighten a polecat. Just like skunks, polecats spray a nasty-smelling fluid from scent glands under the tail.

Afghanistan - Did U Know?

  • Afghanistan has the second largest number of land mines - there are over 10 million landmines scattered throughout the country. Between three and four percent of the population is disabled, thanks to fighting or mine accidents.
  • Due to a poor health care system, one in four children dies before they turn five. 75 percent of the surviving children don't ever go to school.
  • Under the Taliban, Girls and women weren't allowed to attend school or university. That would explain why only 47 percent of adult males and 15 percent of females can read.

    Where have you been? Seen anything cool, scary, wild or freaky?

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HannahG posted in Food:
"Kirsteeeeen" wrote:Tired of being told pizza is unhealthy?Try pizza on flatbread, pita bread, or even rice cakes.Best of both worlds.  :angelRICE CAKES?! Why haven't I ever thought of that?
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Abbygirl 9
Abbygirl 9 posted in General:
"Kirsteeeeen" wrote:"alienincognito" wrote:Don't talk to anyone unless you're spoken to, try to stay out of the limelight, the teachers are the enemy but can have nice moments. No matter how fancy a school is, there will be behaviour problems. Homework can be left to the last minute depending on how tactile you are, after the first few months you'll want to disappear unless you become popular but hang in there! Also, there are three types of people at Middle School or Secondary School:The cacti-The cacti are people who seem hard on the outside [we all have to be in Middle School] but are really lovely and soft if you get to know them. Some cacti can be pricks [no pun intended] but most are nice enough people so a cacti is probably an ideal friend at Middle School.The rocks-AVOID AT ALL COSTS! These are the people who are completely tough and are often bullies. It often seems like they have no emotions because they don't. They are sociopaths and must be avoided. But they are often popular jock kids.The marshmallows-These guys are pretty good, they're soft all the way through and get along well with most people and mostly abide by the rules. They can be hurt easily and roasted because they're so soft. Marshmallows are often smart and get along well with teachers as a result. The only flaw with marshmallows is that some have the tendency to rub their good grades in your face and make you feel insecure but they're nice people mostly.Oh and we can also get cacti rocks and spiky marshmallows.Hope I helped  Teachers are never the enemy!! They're there to help you. They can be a very valuable resource and it is so very important to collaborate with them to make the most of your learning experience!  If you put off a cold attitude and don't speak to people, they're more than likely going to assume you're stuck up and that can make the experience a lot worse than it has to be. Smile, be kind, and if there's someone picking on you, tell a teacher or other staff member, and try to stay out of their path. (I know from experience being an "outsider", it's better not to make yourself a quiet target). im nervous about starting high school.  middle school was alot of fun but you do get alot of classwork and homework. i couldnt have said it any better like you did kirsteeeen.   [s:p/zxl]
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Kirsteeeeen posted in New Users:
Welcome to KW! :D
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Kirsteeeeen posted in Food:
Tired of being told pizza is unhealthy? Try pizza on flatbread, pita bread, or even rice cakes. Best of both worlds.  :angel
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Kirsteeeeen posted in Debating:
Doctors might be the more ethical choice, but honestly I think a lot of celebrities do deserve high salaries considering the scrutiny, lack of privacy, and judgement they go through. They're human too, and their lives are turned upside down once they become part of the spotlight.  Both are respectable careers, in their own ways, and I think that certain positions in the medical profession should get a raise.
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