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The Lowdown on Heart Disease

With all the holidays goin' down in February like Valentine's Day and Groundhog Day, you might forget that it's also American Heart Month. Heart disease, which is also called cardiovascular disease, is the number one cause of death in the US. Learn more about it right here.

A Heart-to-Heart With Your Heart

The human heart is a muscle that works like a pump. The right side of the heart receives "blue" blood from the body and pumps it to the lungs to add oxygen. The left side receives this re-oxygenated "red" blood from the lungs and pumps it back out to the body.

Different Types of Heart Disease

If the heart and blood vessels don't pump properly, you can get sick and have heart disease.

  • Congenital Heart Disease - Congenital heart disease is the kind that you're born with, but it's not that common. It can be caused by heredity or viral diseases like the German measles.
  • Acquired Heart Disease - Acquired heart disease develops sometime during childhood as a result of illnesses like rheumatic fever.
  • Arrhythmia - Arrhythmia is an abnormal rhythm of the heart. Normally, the heart beats at 50-150 beats per minute, but a person's heart can beat very fast (tachycardia) or very slow (bradycardia).
  • Heart Murmurs - A heart murmur is a whooshing sound between each heartbeat. The whoosh isn't serious, but is just an extra noise that the blood makes as it flows through the heart. However, sometime murmurs can be a symptom of larger problems.

What Are the Symptoms?

How Is it Treated?

Doctors who specialize in the heart are called cardiologists. They perform a series of tests to check your heart. A chest x-ray shows if the heart is enlarged, an electrocardiogram (EKG) checks the heart rhythm, and an echocardiogram (an ultrasound) looks at the heart's structure and function. If you're four or older, you may also have to do an exercise stress test to evaluate your heart and lungs.

Did U Know?

  • About 40,000 kids are born with heart disease every year.
  • So far, at least 35 different kinds of heart disease have been identified.
  • Eating a healthy diet and exercising regularly lower the risk of heart disease.
  • One of the things that make health insurance affordable is group rates.
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What Causes Heart Disease?

  • Genetics.
  • Eating too many high-fat foods.
  • Smoking.
  • All of the above.

Dear Dish-It In The Forums

TJStar234
TJStar234 posted in Friends:
everybody at my school don't really like me! :( 
reply 9 minutes
cocopanda200
cocopanda200 posted in Friends:
I have 3 close friends at school. Outside of school I have one. I'm soon going up to Secondary school. 2 of my friends, Kathryn and Sophie, are quite mean to me and others in the class. They call me names and push me around. I don't like it but afraid to tell them. They are also quite rude to teachers. When it's just me and Kathryn it's fine and I am wondering if it's just Sophie making an impression. I go to a small school (81 pupils) and making friends is hard for me. Please help!!
reply 40 minutes
AimeeJury
AimeeJury posted in Style:
i'm ginger sadly i had brown hair when i was born though
reply about 14 hours
6thBeatle
6thBeatle posted in Style:
Black. I'm a Filipino.
reply about 14 hours
6thBeatle
Don't worry too, you'll grow up too and live on your own, I noticed that my aunt is unfair to children (except to her child) and I can't wait to be an adult (she's afraid to adults). And when you grow up, don't make revenge to your parents, I know that you still love them. Trust me, things would get worse if you make revenge.
reply about 14 hours