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The Lowdown on Leukemia

Cancer is the abnormal growth of body cells that causes you to get sick. Kidzworld takes a look at leukemia, which is one of the most common types of cancer in kids.

Leukemia - What is It?

Leukemia is a cancer of the white blood cells (also called leukocytes or WBCs). Usually white blood cells fight infection, but the WBCs in someone with leukemia don't work properly. Instead of protecting the body against disease, these abnormal white blood cells multiply out of control, overcrowd the bone marrow and flood the bloodstream. As the cancer grows, other blood cells like platelets (allow blood to clot) and red blood cells (carry oxygen in the blood to the body's tissues) also get crowded out by the WBCs, resulting in anemia (low numbers of healthy red blood cells), which makes you pale and feel tired, irritated, dizzy and lightheaded.

Leukemia - Types of Leukemia

Leukemia is classified into acute (rapidly developing) and chronic (slowly developing) forms. About 98% of childhood leukemias are acute. There are four major types of leukemia, depending on the white blood cells that are involved.
  • Acute Myelogenous Leukemia
  • Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia
  • Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
  • Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
  • Leukemia - Signs and Symptoms

  • Fevers, chills and other flu-like symptoms.
  • Weakness and fatigue.
  • Easy bruising and bleeding.
  • Pain in the bones or joints.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Sweating, especially at night.
  • Leukemia - Treatment

    Cancer is treated with chemotherapy (medication that's given through a vein or orally) and radiation therapy (powerful energy waves like x-rays). Leukemia patients may also have to get a bone marrow transplant to allow new, healthy blood cells to grow. After treatment begins, the goal is to get you into remission, which means there's no evidence of cancer in your blood or bone marrow. A complete remission that lasts five years after treatment often means you're cured.

    Leukemia - Did U Know?
  • Leukemia affects about 2,300 young peeps in the US each year.
  • The most common type of leukemia in children is Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia. The good news is that almost all kids who get it are cured!
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  • Learn About Other Health & Body Issues!
  • 1 Comment

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    Which Cancers Are Common in Kids?

    • Throat and lung cancers.
    • Skin and bone cancers.
    • Lymphoma and brain cancer.
    • Stomach and pancreatic cancers.

    Dear Dish-It In The Forums

    -Oracle- posted in Friends:
    "I'm finally learning to walk away from the people and situations that threaten my happiness, peace of mind, self respect and self worth." Most kids at my school pretend to be someone they're not purely to conform with their peers. [s] [c] [r] [e] [w] conformity. 
    reply about 2 hours
    Write an anonymous note. And tell him to put it somewhere that only you can get it back to see what he says.
    reply about 9 hours
    hey, i got a question, how would you get over a major mess-up, then try to act attractive, so you would still have a chance at maybe making a relationship with your crush.
    reply about 10 hours
    Ok, so how would you tell a crush you like them without them knowing it's you?
    reply about 14 hours
    drowning posted in Friends:
    I've been there when I was still in school. I don't personally have many friends now that I'm graduated, but that's more because the people here aren't worth being friends with. Off topic, my bad- Anyways, just try being a nice person. Sit with the other kid that's alone during lunch, find someone who needs someone to talk too, be open. I realize this can be difficult to do if you're shy, believe me, I've been there as well. Just remember that you need to stay yourself. I've lost friends because they turned out to be someone totally different than how they made themselves out to be. It's not worth it to pretend you're someone else. If it doesn't happen naturally after a little while, then you just have to keep in mind that it's your turn to put yourself out there. Remember that, "hey, I put myself out there and I made a friend, that's pretty cool." But, also remember that, "hey, I put myself out there and I didn't make a friend, that's pretty okay too." If you put yourself out there and someone doesn't accept it, then that's okay. It just means they weren't meant to be your friend and someone else will come along much better for you.
    reply about 19 hours