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The Lowdown on Leukemia

Cancer is the abnormal growth of body cells that causes you to get sick. Kidzworld takes a look at leukemia, which is one of the most common types of cancer in kids.

Leukemia - What is It?

Leukemia is a cancer of the white blood cells (also called leukocytes or WBCs). Usually white blood cells fight infection, but the WBCs in someone with leukemia don't work properly. Instead of protecting the body against disease, these abnormal white blood cells multiply out of control, overcrowd the bone marrow and flood the bloodstream. As the cancer grows, other blood cells like platelets (allow blood to clot) and red blood cells (carry oxygen in the blood to the body's tissues) also get crowded out by the WBCs, resulting in anemia (low numbers of healthy red blood cells), which makes you pale and feel tired, irritated, dizzy and lightheaded.

Leukemia - Types of Leukemia

Leukemia is classified into acute (rapidly developing) and chronic (slowly developing) forms. About 98% of childhood leukemias are acute. There are four major types of leukemia, depending on the white blood cells that are involved.
  • Acute Myelogenous Leukemia
  • Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia
  • Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
  • Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
  • Leukemia - Signs and Symptoms

  • Fevers, chills and other flu-like symptoms.
  • Weakness and fatigue.
  • Easy bruising and bleeding.
  • Pain in the bones or joints.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Sweating, especially at night.
  • Leukemia - Treatment

    Cancer is treated with chemotherapy (medication that's given through a vein or orally) and radiation therapy (powerful energy waves like x-rays). Leukemia patients may also have to get a bone marrow transplant to allow new, healthy blood cells to grow. After treatment begins, the goal is to get you into remission, which means there's no evidence of cancer in your blood or bone marrow. A complete remission that lasts five years after treatment often means you're cured.

    Leukemia - Did U Know?
  • Leukemia affects about 2,300 young peeps in the US each year.
  • The most common type of leukemia in children is Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia. The good news is that almost all kids who get it are cured!
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  • Learn About Other Health & Body Issues!
  • 1 Comment

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    Which Cancers Are Common in Kids?

    • Throat and lung cancers.
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    • Lymphoma and brain cancer.
    • Stomach and pancreatic cancers.

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    Dear Dish-It in the forums

    simran88
    simran88 posted in Style:
    Clothes...
    reply 41 minutes
    simran88
    simran88 posted in Style:
    Great suggestions! I'll try the tape idea, have never done it before. 
    reply about 1 hour
    arthi
    arthi posted in Friends:
    "shae508" wrote: "classicalmusicisepic" wrote: my friends offline are having some relationship problems atm and there are just some things i want to mention on here, because i think they're relevant; some warning signs, etc and how to approach them. these not only apply to romantic relationships, but also friendships etc. physical harm - this might be an obvious one. but i just want to share some ways to approach the situation. this includes unwanted touching, hitting, kicking, etc. if your partner is doing this to you, you must report it to a trusted adult, teacher, counselor, close friend, or family member. this is one of the most serious abusive relationships- there are many resources online such as childline, etc, and hotlines you can call if you need to speak to someone about it. they may be able to help you get out of the relationship, and give you a shoulder to cry on. pressure into unwanted intimacy - this is also one of the big ones- your partner should never make you feel uncomfortable or otherwise. if they wish to stay with you, they will wait until you're ready to move onto that stage; if you even ever will be. if you feel pressured, or pushed into doing something you feel you'll regret, sit down and talk about it with your partner. you have a say in your relationship, too. control over your friends - if you feel like your partner has control over your friends- something is wrong. if they want you to dedicate every second of your life to them, with no other people, it's not right. your relationship not only affects the two people in it, (or more if it's polyamourous), but everyone around is affected by your relationship, too. again- you have a say in how your relationship is going, too!   criticizing you and your choices - relationships are about liking each other- if your partner is putting you down or demeaning you, it's a warning sign to get out of it. are they mocking you? or putting down your appearance, clothes, etc? Definite red flag; talk about it with him/her/them.  other signs, include: -being doted and adored one day, and the next being pushed away and ignored, -you're afraid of your partner -they obsess over and call/text you constantly -you may find you've lost your confidence -many ups and downs in the relationship, constant roller coaster -you aren't yourself. you change and adapt for them, drop hobbies if they're not into them, etc. -something tells you you cant trust them again, there are many resources out there if you need to talk. never be afraid to speak about it to someone- a family member, a teacher, a close friend, the police, a guidance counselor, etc.  I bolded that one part. The whole thread is great. And that one is a sign. But remember people with mental illness may also show signs like this to. If they have a good they they may spoil you and love you, and then the next day they're having a bad one. So they might push you away. They also may suddenly dote on you one day also to make up for a bad day. I'm not making an excuse, it's still a ver bad thing to do. I'm just putting it out there.
    reply about 3 hours
    lelnah
    lelnah posted in Friends:
    "Tldc_Julisha" wrote:I'm in the popular group but im trying to figure out if maybe its time to stop being in the popular group or notI like being in the group but at the same time I don't because-The other girls in the popular group are kind mean to othersThey make fun of people who don't wear what we wearThey push/shove people into lockersIs it time to leave the popular group or should I stay there??? Of course not! What kinds of people just go through their everyday lives shoving good kids into hard metal lockers? It's not right. I would never associate myself with a group like that. What kind of popular is that, shoving kids into lockers?  
    reply about 12 hours
    Hannah728
    Hannah728 posted in Friends:
    Ok i have the same problem with every guy! I have a crush on the cutest guy and i think somebody else likes him! And i mean like for sure think that they like him!
    reply about 15 hours

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